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Rheumatoid Arthritis Physiotherapy
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a long-term autoimmune disorder that
primarily affects joints. It typically results in warm, swollen, and
Pain and stiffness often worsen following rest.
Most commonly, the wrist and hands are involved, with the same joints
typically involved on both sides of the body. The disease may also
affect other parts of the body.
This may result in a low red blood cell
count, inflammation around the lungs, and inflammation around the heart.
Fever and low energy may also be present. Often, symptoms come on
gradually over weeks to months.
RA affects about 24.5 million people as of 2015. This is between 0.5
and 1% of adults in the developed world with 5 and 50 per 100,000
people newly developing the condition each year. Onset is most
frequent during middle age and women are affected 2.5 times as
frequently as men.
In 2013, it resulted in 38,000 deaths up from
28,000 deaths in 1990. The first recognized description of RA was
made in 1800 by Dr. Augustin Jacob Landré-Beauvais (1772–1840) of
Paris. The term rheumatoid arthritis is based on the Greek for
watery and inflamed joints.
causes of rheumatoid arthritis
While the cause of rheumatoid arthritis is not clear, it is believed to
involve a combination of genetic and environmental factors.
Sometimes there is a "trigger event" that causes the condition to manifest from a dormant one to an active one, such as extreme cold or extreme stress.
underlying mechanism involves the body's immune system attacking the
joints. This results in inflammation and thickening of the joint
capsule. It also affects the underlying bone and cartilage.
rheumatoid arthritis diagnosis
diagnosis is made mostly on the basis of a person's signs and
X-rays and laboratory testing may support a diagnosis or
exclude other diseases with similar symptoms. Other diseases that may
present similarly include systemic lupus erythematosus, psoriatic
arthritis, and fibromyalgia among others.
rheumatoid arthritis physiotherapy and hand therapy
The goals of treatment are to reduce pain, decrease inflammation, and improve a person's overall functioning.
Research studies have shown that physical exercise of the affected
joint can noticeably improve long-term pain relief. Furthermore,
exercise of the arthritic joint is encouraged to maintain the health of
the particular joint and the overall body of the person.
Individuals with arthritis can benefit from both physiotherapy and hand therapy.
In arthritis the joints become stiff and the range of movement can be
limited. Physical therapy has been shown to significantly improve
function, decrease pain, and delay need for surgical intervention in
early to advanced arthritic cases.
Exercise prescribed by a
physiotherapist has been shown to be more effective than medications in
treating osteoarthritis of the knee. Exercise often focuses on improving
muscle strength, endurance and flexibility.
Physiotherapy intervention includes
- decreasing and managing ongoing pain and inflammation with cold therapy
therapy to accelerate the healing process
- joint and soft tissue movement and range of motion
- muscle strengthening of the affected joints and the muscles around it
- weight loss programs such as exercises, working with our dietitian
- prescribe any walking aids if necessary and train how to use them safely and effectively
- prescribe customized finger, hand or foot splints
don't recommend patients take medicine or painkillers for long term due
to risk of side effects as well as addictions, and for severe cases,
patients may consider joint replacement surgeries. An artificial joint
can last 10-15 years.
That being said, one of the best ways to
treat rheumatoid arthritis is prevent it entirely by being active, and you can
exercise with us and our senior physiotherapists to prescribe arthritis-specific exercises programs. If you already have it, then
we can help to slow down the progress by managing it well.
Even if you require surgery, post-surgery physiotherapy will help you accelerate your progress to back to work, life and activities that matter to you.
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Phoenix Rehab Singapore Core Services And Specializations
Phoenix Rehab Group works with specialist
physiotherapists and specialist rehab therapists who are highly
trained, qualified, experienced and passionate to provide high level of
expert care to our patients.
PHYSIOTHERAPY & PHYSICAL THERAPY
HAND THERAPY & SPLINTING
Patients who sustained injuries to their elbows, forearms, hands, wrists
(sprains and fractures) and fingers, and requires Hand Therapy to increase the function of their hand
following injuries or post-operations as well as custom made hand splints.
Commonly treated hand pain injuries includes wrist and finger fractures, de Quervain's tenosynovitis, carpal tunnel syndrome, trigger finger, tennis elbow, golfer's elbow and more.
CLINICAL PILATES & WELLNESS PILATES
Clinical Pilates is a form of physical exercise that focuses on posture,
core stability, balance, control, strength, flexibility, and breathing. It is a system of safe and effective exercises, which
meet specific individual needs, to treat a wide range of injuries
You may do Pilates as matwork or with the reformer or both, and every session will be customized 100% to your fitness, injury and tolerance.
TRADITIONAL CHINESE MEDICINE (TCM)
DEEP TISSUE RELEASE & SPORTS MASSAGE THERAPY
Sports and deep tissue release massage helps to increase nutrient-rich blood
flow to tired , tight and tense muscles to accelerate recovery and shorten downtime. It also prevents
muscles from scar tissue micro-tears (and potential ruptures), and increases muscle
Done regularly, it will keeps your muscles healthy and fit with body/movement-confidence.
All our allied health therapists and TCM physicians are fully insured and registered with Allied Health Professions Council (AHPC) and Traditional Chinese Medicine Board (TCMB). See our entire team here by location and specialization.
At the first session, our specialist physiotherapists will carry out a thorough
assessment, helping them to select the most appropriate treatment to
help you recover as well as provide treatment in the same session. Follow up sessions are inline to provide
expert treatment for your pain as well as prescribing specific
exercises to reduce your risk of re-injury and giving you a long term
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