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Repetitive Strain Injuries
Prevention and Management

In a related article "Do You Have Repetitive Strain Injuries?", we covered that often patients with repetitive strain injuries tends to get their RSIs due to work, but frankly speaking, it can also be caused, aggravated or prolonged by activities, hobbies and passions outside of work.


  • Playing musical instruments like guitar, drum, etc
  • Sports/activities such as golf, tennis, running, hiking
  • Hobbies such as reading, writing etc

Of course, as we grow older, there is two issues: more time and compounding damage from repetitive strain injuries from work and outside-work activities; and secondly is that as we grow older, our body's ability to repair damage and wear and tears diminishes too unfortunately.

Usually, repetitive strain injuries are caused AND aggravated by:

  • work type
  • work demands
  • work and workplace conditions (setup, layout etc)

These types of RSI causes can be managed and corrected by teaching and training ergonomics to patients, individuals, human resource. Basically, ergonomics refers to the science of matching the job to the individual, job being tasks, products, systems and environments to the worker (which is in contrast to the common model of making workers fit the pre-set and mapped out working environment.

some ergonomic ideas and recommendations

#1 - Limiting Repetitive Work

We move by contracting and elongating muscles, which stretch/strains both muscles and joints each time it happens. Repeated stretching and straining affects the muscles and tendons, causing micro-traumas (micro-tears) and it will cause

  • soreness
  • tenderness
  • aches
  • pains

If our muscles and tendons do not get enough time to rest or recover, hence the injury is unable to heal or unable to heal well. In fact, it gets worse: muscles that are fatigued/overworked...have to work MUCH harder to get the same job done (like if you're tired, walking a short distance becomes harder than normal).


  • Quick wins: Take short and frequent micro-breaks, 10-20 seconds stretches and walks and standing etc
  • Long term: exercise 2-4x per week

#2 - Prevent Static Positions (Or Awkward Ones)

Being "stuck" in a position is not good for our bodies, and if it's an awkward position, it's even worse (awkward positions are like very high or very low or with twisted/rotated position). The best position is a "neutral, relaxed" position ie

  • shoulders relaxed
  • arms by side
  • elbows about 90 degrees bent
  • hand and wrists straight
  • hips, knees and ankles around 90 degrees bent

If you stay in positions that is against/deviated from the above for some time, you will stress all the joints, muscles, tendons etc - it will strain them a lot.


  • Try to move around as often as you can, ideally standing and walking to encourage circulation
  • Try to arrange your workplace that suit your height, shape, distance etc
  • Try to arrange stuff that you use more often to be nearer to you
  • Try to use appropriate tools for the job

#3 Note How You Lift Stuff

Poor lifting techniques will accelerate, cause and aggravate back injuries.


  • Always use your knees and legs when lifting ie bend the knee and keep the spine straight
  • Bring the objects to carry as near as possible (the further away, the more difficult)
  • Try to get help or use solutions as often as possible eg trolleys

#4 Try Not To Stand Too Long

Standing for prolonged period of time will strain and stress your back, neck, knees and foot.


  • Wear high quality shoes/footwear
  • Try to use standing/ergo foot mats
  • Shift weight very so often, and take a few steps whenever possible
  • Sit whenever possible as well
  • Try to slightly bend your knee and avoid your knee from being totally straight when standing

#5 Try Often To Use Tools And Setup Things To Make Your Movement And Life Easier


  • Using trolleys to carry/push load over distances
  • Using escalators/lifts
  • Using the right tools for the job
  • Using the right chair and table height and size
  • Ensuring your tools are within reach (not too near/far)
  • Keeping fit with regular deep tissue massage, regular personal training and even regular clinical Pilates to ensure your core in strong
  • Etc

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book your physio appointments now

Call or WhatsApp / SMS your name, preferred date, time and inquiries to +6588001830

Email any questions on symptoms / condition / insurance / preferred physiotherapy timings to nigel@phoenixrehabgroup.com

Phoenix Clinic Locations

Phoenix Rehab Physio Services

Phoenix Rehab Group works with specialist physiotherapists and rehab therapists who are highly trained, qualified, experienced and passionate to provide high level of expert care to our patients.


Patients who sustained injuries to their elbows, forearms, hands, wrists (sprains and fractures) and fingers, and requires Hand Therapy to increase the function of their hand following injuries or post-operations as well as custom made hand splints.

Commonly treated hand pain injuries includes


Clinical Pilates is a form of physical exercise that focuses on posture, core stability, balance, control, strength, flexibility and breathing.

It is a system of safe and effective exercises, which meet specific individual needs, to treat a wide range of injuries and conditions.

You may do Pilates as matwork or with the reformer or both, and every session will be customized 100% to your fitness, injury and tolerance.



Sports and deep tissue release massage helps to increase nutrient-rich blood flow to tired, tight and tense muscles to

  • accelerate recovery and
  • shorten downtime / recovery period required

It also prevents muscles from scar tissue micro-tears (and potential ruptures), and increases muscle performance.

Done regularly, it will keeps your muscles healthy and fit with body/movement-confidence. Read the benefits of regular deep tissue release therapy here.


All our allied health therapists and TCM physicians are fully insured and registered with Allied Health Professions Council (AHPC) and Traditional Chinese Medicine Board (TCMB).

See our entire team here with introductions and their specializations.

At the first session, our specialist physiotherapists will carry out a thorough assessment, helping them to select the most appropriate treatment to help you recover as well as provide treatment in the same session.

Follow up sessions are inline to provide expert treatment for your pain as well as prescribing specific exercises to reduce your risk of re-injury and giving you a long term solution.

do Tell Your Family, Friends And Colleagues About Us =)

We appreciate you as our valued clients and want you to know that the # 1 way we grow as a clinic / brand is through word of mouth referrals from valued patients like yourself.

We do not rely on advertising - instead, we prefer and appreciate the goodwill and positive reinforcement from patients. When you have the chance, please tell your family, friends and physicians about the positive results and experience you have had in our physio clinics.

book your physio appointments now

Call or WhatsApp / SMS your name, preferred date, time and inquiries to +6588001830

Email any questions on symptoms / condition / insurance / preferred physiotherapy timings to nigel@phoenixrehabgroup.com

Phoenix Clinic Locations