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Physiotherapy Management For Osteoporosis / Osteoporotic Patients

Written by senior physiotherapist Rabia Shah

Physiotherapy for people with osteoporosis can be very beneficial alongside the medical management of osteoporosis, good nutrition, quitting smoking and limiting alcohol intake.

Our Physiotherapy management for individuals with osteoporosis or osteopaenia includes:

  • Strengthening exercises
  • Weight-bearing exercises
  • Balance exercises
  • Flexibility exercises
  • Postural exercises

Postural exercises

These are crucial to prevent structural changes that often accompany osteoporosis, such as thoracic kyphosis.

Our osteoporosis programme includes extension exercises such as chin tucks, scapular retractions, thoracic extensions, and hip extensions.

Strengthening the extensor muscles help to promote improved posture and improved balance.

Flexion exercises are contraindicated for osteoporosis patients as anterior compressive forces to the vertebra can contribute to compression fractures (Goodman 2003).

Weight-bearing exercises

Exercises such as walking or hopping, have been shown to maintain or improve bone density in the osteoporosis population.

Strengthening exercises, using weights or resistance bands, has also be shown to maintain or improve bone density at the location of the targeted muscle attachments.

Maintaining bone health in this population is extremely important, especially in the elderly as there is typically a decline in bone mass with age (Zehnacker 2007)

Flexibility and strengthening exercises

These can help improve the individuals overall physical function and postural control.

Improving postural control is important to reduce the risk for falls.

Falls often result in fractures in frail individuals.

Balance exercises are also incorporated into our Physiotherapy programme to further reduce the risk of falls (Burke 2012).

Back Pain

Our senior physiotherapist treats Osteoporotic patients with back pain (refer to related article: back pain physiotherapy treatments)

She will incorporate agility training, resistance training, and stretching in her programme as they have all been shown to decrease back pain and its related disabilities (Liu-Ambrose 2005). 

High intensity training

Research highly supports high intensity training in the prevention of bone lost for women in menopausal years and early stage post-menopausal.

High intensity training includes body-weight and resistive exercises at a high intensity, similar to circuit training.

This type of training is contraindicated for individuals with low bone mass.


Burke TN, Franka FJR, Ferreira de Meneses SR, Pereira RMR, Marques AP. Postural control in elderly women with osteoporosis: comparison of balance, strengthening and stretching exercises. A randomized controlled trial. Clinical Rehabilitation. 2012; 26 (11): 1021-1031.

Goodman. Fuller. Boissonnault. Pathology; Implications for the Physical Therapist. 2nd Philadelphia: Saunders, 2003.

Liu-Ambrose TYL, Khan KM, Eng JJ, Lord SR, Lentle B, McKay HA. Both resistance and agility training reduce back pain and improve health-related quality of life in older women with low bone mass. Osteoporosis International; 2005.16: 1321- 1329.

Zehnacker CH, Bemis-Dougherty A. Effect of weighted exercise on bone Mineral Density in Post-menopausal Women: A systemic review. Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy. 2007; 30(2): 79-88

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Phoenix Rehab Group works with specialist physiotherapists and specialist rehab therapists who are highly trained, qualified, experienced and passionate to provide high level of expert care to our patients.


Patients who sustained injuries to their elbows, forearms, hands, wrists (sprains and fractures) and fingers, and requires Hand Therapy to increase the function of their hand following injuries or post-operations and custom made hand splints.


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It is a system of safe and effective exercises, which meet specific individual needs, to treat a wide range of injuries and conditions.



Sports and deep tissue release massage helps to increase nutrient-rich blood flow to tired , tight and tense muscles to accelerate recovery and shorten downtime. It also helps prevents muscles from scar tissue micro-tears (and future ruptures), and increases muscle performance. When done regularly it will keeps your muscles and you healthy and fit and have body/movement-confidence.


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At the first session, our specialist physiotherapists will carry out a thorough assessment, helping them to select the most appropriate treatment to help you recover as well as provide treatment in the same session. 

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