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Osteopenia (Low Bone Mass) Physiotherapy



Osteopenia, which is recently changed to be called low bone mass, describes lower-than-normal bone density or thickness.

Approximately 44 million adults in the United States have osteopenia. Osteopenia is different than osteoporosis, which refers to a disease where normal bone structure becomes thinned out and porous.

Low bone mass can occur at any age, but noticeable and significant bone loss is most likely to occur in women during the 5 to 7 years following menopause. The same group of patients is also more likely to experience a bone fracture such as

than someone with normal bone mass.

What is Osteopenia (Low Bone Mass)?

Low bone mass is a condition that develops when a person:

  • May naturally have less-dense bones due to factors such as body size, genetics, or gender
  • Has gradually lost bone mass over time due to lack of exercise and poor diet
  • Has begun to experience peri-menopause, symptoms that signal the onset of menopause or who is in menopause.
  • Has rapidly lost bone mass due to an illness or use of medication

How Does osteopenia Feel like?

There are no specific symptoms of low bone mass.

In fact, patients may have the condition and not be aware of it (until something unfortunate happens, like a fall and a subsequent fracture following medical check).

It is important to recognize your risk factors to prevent bone fracture. You should discuss any concerns with your doctors and/or our senior physiotherapists.

How Is It Diagnosed?

Low bone mass is diagnosed through a quick and painless specialized scan ordered by a physician. If you are seeing our senior physiotherapist for rehabilitation, we may confer with your doctor (or refer you to our medical network) when detecting a possible need for bone testing.

The results of the scan are reported using T- and Z-scores. The T-score compares your score to that of healthy 30-year-old women.

  • A T-score between -1 and -2.49 means that you have low bone mass.
  • Those who have a T-score of -2.5 and lower have osteoporosis.
  • If you have a T score of -1 or less, you have a greater risk of experiencing a fracture.
  • A person with a T-score of -2 has lower bone density than a person with -1.
  • The Z-score compares your bone mineral density to the average of people who are of the same age, sex,weight,and race as you.
  • A Z-score of -2 or lower might mean that something other than normal bone loss due to age is occurring.

Your doctor will likely explore other health issues that might be causing the bone loss.

Other methods of screening bone density include

  • x-ray
  • ultrasound and
  • CT scan

If you have risk factors that includes certain diseases, short- or long-term use of steroids, or a recent bone fracture, a DXA scan may be prescribed.

how our senior physiotherapists can help a patient with osteopenia

Our senior physiotherapists can help you prevent and treat low bone mass at any age by prescribing the specific amount and type of exercise that best builds and maintains strong bones.

When you see our senior physical therapists, we will review your health history, including your

  • medical
  • family
  • medication
  • exercise
  • dietary and
  • hormonal history

We will also conduct a complete physical therapy examination and identify your risk factors for low bone density.

It is important to exercise throughout life, and especially when you have been diagnosed with low bone mass in order to build and maintain healthy bones. Exercise can help to build bone or slow the loss of bone.

We're likely to prescribe 2 types of exercise that are best to build strong bones, which are:

Weight-bearing Exercises

  • Dancing
  • Walking at a quick pace (122-160 steps per minute or 2.6 steps per second)
  • Jumping, stomping, heel drops
  • Running at least a 10-minute mile
  • Racket sports

Resistance Exercises

  • Weightlifting
  • Use of resistance bands
  • Gravity-resistance exercises (pushups, yoga, stair climbing, etc.)

Our senior physiotherapists will design an individual exercise program for you based on your particular needs. We will test you to see how much resistance is needed and is safe for your specific bone density as well as other physical issues that you may have.

Physiotherapy and exercise treatments starts at the level you can tolerate.

Once you learn how to perform your program, we may add more strenuous activity with physical effort to encourage your bones to grow stronger.

Your exercise prescription will include guidelines for weight-bearing and resistance training for the

  • hips
  • spine
  • shoulders and
  • wrists

We will prescribe guidelines for the intensity, frequency, and progression of your exercises, and may also prescribe:

You know, exercise is only one facet and component of healthy bones.

We will encourage you to consult our dietitian and pursue a healthy and varied diet, including foods rich in calcium, to reach the amount recommended according to your age and health status.

We may recommend that you meet with a dietitian to learn about the many foods that contribute to bone health. Sometimes, medication or hormone replacement therapy may be recommended.

Your physician will help guide you to find the best combination of exercise, diet, and medication to treat your condition.



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book your physio appointment or enquire now

Email questions and your preferred physiotherapy timings to nigel@phoenixrehabgroup.com or

WhatsApp / SMS your name, preferred date, time and enquiries to +6588001830

Clinic Locations: See how to get to us here

Phoenix Rehab physio Services

Phoenix Rehab Group works with specialist physiotherapists and rehab therapists who are highly trained, qualified, experienced and passionate to provide high level of expert care to our patients.



HAND THERAPY &  SPLINTING

Patients who sustained injuries to their elbows, forearms, hands, wrists (sprains and fractures) and fingers, and requires Hand Therapy to increase the function of their hand following injuries or post-operations as well as custom made hand splints.

Commonly treated hand pain injuries includes



CLINICAL PILATES & WELLNESS PILATES

Clinical Pilates is a form of physical exercise that focuses on

  • posture
  •  core stability
  • balance
  • control
  • strength
  • flexibility and
  • breathing

It is a system of safe and effective exercises, which meet specific individual needs, to treat a wide range of injuries and conditions.

You may do Pilates as matwork or with the reformer or both, and every session will be customized 100% to your fitness, injury and tolerance.



TRADITIONAL CHINESE MEDICINE (TCM)



DEEP TISSUE RELEASE & SPORTS MASSAGE THERAPY

Sports and deep tissue release massage helps to increase nutrient-rich blood flow to tired, tight and tense muscles to

  • accelerate recovery and
  • shorten downtime / recovery period required

It also prevents muscles from scar tissue micro-tears (and potential ruptures), and increases muscle performance.

Done regularly, it will keeps your muscles healthy and fit with body/movement-confidence. Read the benefits of regular deep tissue release therapy here.



ALTERNATIVE THERAPIES

All our allied health therapists and TCM physicians are fully insured and registered with Allied Health Professions Council (AHPC) and Traditional Chinese Medicine Board (TCMB).

See our entire team here with introductions and their specializations.

At the first session, our specialist physiotherapists will carry out a thorough assessment, helping them to select the most appropriate treatment to help you recover as well as provide treatment in the same session.

Follow up sessions are inline to provide expert treatment for your pain as well as prescribing specific exercises to reduce your risk of re-injury and giving you a long term solution.

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We appreciate you as our valued clients and want you to know that the #1 way we grow as a clinic/brand is through word of mouth referrals from valued patients like yourself.

We do not rely on advertising - instead, we prefer and appreciate the goodwill and positive reinforcement from patients. When you have the chance, please tell your family, friends and physicians about the positive results and experience you have had in our physio clinics.

book your physio appointment or enquire now

Email questions and your preferred physiotherapy timings to nigel@phoenixrehabgroup.com or

WhatsApp / SMS your name, preferred date, time and enquiries to +6588001830

Clinic Locations: See how to get to us here