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Osteoarthritis (OA) is a type of joint disease that results from
breakdown of joint cartilage and underlying bone. The most common
symptoms are joint pain and stiffness.
Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis, affecting about 237
million people (3.3% of the world population). Among those over
60 years old, about 10% of males and 18% of females are affected.
is the cause of about 2% of years lived with disability. In
Australia, about 1.9 million people are affected, and in the United
States, 30 to 53 million people are affected. It becomes more
common in both sexes as people become older.
Initially, symptoms may occur only following exercise, but over time they may become constant.
Other symptoms may include
- joint swelling
- decreased range of motion
- when the back is affected, weakness or numbness of the arms and legs
most commonly involved joints are those near the ends of the fingers,
at the base of the thumb, neck, lower back, knee, and hips. Joints on
one side of the body are often more affected than those on the other.
the symptoms develop over some years. They can affect work and normal
daily activities. Unlike other types of arthritis, only the joints are
causes of osteoarthritis
Causes include previous joint injury, abnormal joint or limb
development, and inherited factors.
Risk is greater in those who
- have legs of different lengths, or
- have jobs that result
in high levels of joint stress
Osteoarthritis is believed to
be caused by mechanical stress on the joint and low grade inflammatory
processes. It develops as cartilage is lost and the underlying bone
As pain may make it difficult to exercise, muscle
loss may occur. Diagnosis is typically based on signs and
symptoms, with medical imaging and other tests occasionally used to
support or rule out other problems.
In contrast to rheumatoid
arthritis, which is primarily an inflammatory condition, in
osteoarthritis, the joints do not become hot or red.
osteoarthritis physiotherapy and hand therapy
Research studies have shown that physical exercise of the affected
joint can noticeably improve long-term pain relief. Furthermore,
exercise of the arthritic joint is encouraged to maintain the health of
the particular joint and the overall body of the person.
Individuals with arthritis can benefit from both physiotherapy and hand therapy.
In arthritis the joints become stiff and the range of movement can be
limited. Physical therapy has been shown to significantly improve
function, decrease pain, and delay need for surgical intervention in
early to advanced arthritic cases.
Exercise prescribed by a
physiotherapist has been shown to be more effective than medications in
treating osteoarthritis of the knee. Exercise often focuses on improving
muscle strength, endurance and flexibility.
Physiotherapy intervention includes
- decreasing and managing ongoing pain and inflammation with cold therapy
therapy to accelerate the healing process
- joint and soft tissue movement and range of motion
- muscle strengthening of the affected joints and the muscles around it
- weight loss programs such as exercises, working with our dietitian
- prescribe any walking aids if necessary and train how to use them safely and effectively
- prescribe customized finger, hand or foot splints
We don't recommend patients take medicine or painkillers for long term due to risk of side effects as well as addictions, and for severe cases, patients may consider joint replacement surgeries. An artificial joint can last 10-15 years.
That being said, one of the best ways to treat osteoarthritis is prevent it entirely by being active, and you can exercise with us and our senior physiotherapists to prescribe osteoarthritis-specific exercises programs. If you already have it, then we can help to slow down the progress by managing it well.
Even if you require surgery, post-surgery physiotherapy will help you accelerate your progress to back to work, life and activities that matter to you.
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Phoenix Rehab Singapore Core Services And Specializations
Phoenix Rehab Group works with specialist
physiotherapists and specialist rehab therapists who are highly
trained, qualified, experienced and passionate to provide high level of
expert care to our patients.
PHYSIOTHERAPY & PHYSICAL THERAPY
HAND THERAPY & SPLINTING
Patients who sustained injuries to their elbows, forearms, hands, wrists
(sprains and fractures) and fingers, and requires Hand Therapy to increase the function of their hand
following injuries or post-operations as well as custom made hand splints.
Commonly treated hand pain injuries includes wrist and finger fractures, de Quervain's tenosynovitis, carpal tunnel syndrome, trigger finger, tennis elbow, golfer's elbow and more.
CLINICAL PILATES & WELLNESS PILATES
Clinical Pilates is a form of physical exercise that focuses on posture,
core stability, balance, control, strength, flexibility, and breathing. It is a system of safe and effective exercises, which
meet specific individual needs, to treat a wide range of injuries
You may do Pilates as matwork or with the reformer or both, and every session will be customized 100% to your fitness, injury and tolerance.
TRADITIONAL CHINESE MEDICINE (TCM)
DEEP TISSUE RELEASE & SPORTS MASSAGE THERAPY
Sports and deep tissue release massage helps to increase nutrient-rich blood
flow to tired , tight and tense muscles to accelerate recovery and shorten downtime. It also prevents
muscles from scar tissue micro-tears (and potential ruptures), and increases muscle
Done regularly, it will keeps your muscles healthy and fit with body/movement-confidence.
All our allied health therapists and TCM physicians are fully insured and registered with Allied Health Professions Council (AHPC) and Traditional Chinese Medicine Board (TCMB). See our entire team here by location and specialization.
At the first session, our specialist physiotherapists will carry out a thorough
assessment, helping them to select the most appropriate treatment to
help you recover as well as provide treatment in the same session. Follow up sessions are inline to provide
expert treatment for your pain as well as prescribing specific
exercises to reduce your risk of re-injury and giving you a long term
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We do not rely on advertising - instead, we prefer and appreciate the goodwill and positive reinforcement from patients. When you have the opportunity, please take the time to tell your family, friends and physicians about the positive results and experience you have had in our clinic.
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