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Knee Meniscal Tear Physiotherapy



Meniscal tears are common injuries to the cartilage of the knee that can affect athletes and non-athletes (students, executives, professionals, housewives, etc) alike.

These meniscal tears can be either

  • “acute,” meaning they happen as a result of a particular movement or accident, or
  • “degenerative,” meaning they happen over time

Our senior physiotherapists can help you heal a meniscal tear and restore your strength and movement. If surgery is required, your physical therapist can help you prepare for the procedure and recover following surgery.

What is a Meniscal Tear?

The meniscus is a cartilage disc that cushions your knee.

Each of your knees has 2 menisci (plural of meniscus); one on the inner (medial) part of the knee, and the other on the outer (lateral) part of the knee.

Together, they

  • absorb shock and
  • stabilize the knee joint

Meniscal tears can be classified in 2 ways: acute or degenerative.

  • An acute meniscal tear typically is caused by twisting or turning quickly on a bent knee, often with the foot planted on the ground. This mechanism of injury often produces related injuries, such as an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tear.
  • Degenerative meniscal tears occur over time, due to repetitive stress being put on the knee, such as in a job or sport that requires a lot of squatting.

How Does a meniscus tear Feel like?

When you tear the meniscus, you might experience:

  • A sharp, intense pain in the knee area
  • A "pop" or a tearing sensation in the knee area (acute injury)
  • Swelling within the first 24 hours of injury
  • Difficulty walking or going up or down stairs because of pain or a "catching or locking" sensation in the knee (knee locking)
  • Difficulty straightening or bending the knee fully

How Is It Diagnosed?

Our senior physiotherapist will:

  • Conduct a thorough evaluation that includes a detailed review of your injury, symptoms, and health history.
  • Perform special tests to measure the range of motion (amount of movement) in your knee and determine which specific movements and positions increase your symptoms.
  • Use a series of tests that apply pressure to the meniscus to determine whether it appears to be damaged.

The results of these tests may indicate the need for further diagnostic tests—such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)—or a referral to an orthopedic surgeon for consultation.

how our senior physiotherapists can help you

Meniscal tears can often be managed without surgery and just with knee physiotherapy.

A short course of treatment provided by our senior physiotherapists can help determine whether your knee will recover without surgery. We can help control pain and swelling in the knee area and work with you to restore full strength and mobility to your knee.

Your knee physiotherapy treatments may include:

Manual therapy

We may apply manual therapy—hands-on treatment that may include

—to help reduce swelling and reduce joint stiffness, and restore muscle function around the knee.

Icing

We will apply cold therapy to the painful knee to help control any pain and swelling, and may instruct you to apply icing at home. Swelling is an important "guide" during your rehabilitation and can indicate your level of ability and recovery.

If you experience an increase in swelling, we will modify your treatment program or activity level to ensure your safest, most effective recovery.

Compression

We may recommend the use of compression bandages, stockings, or pumps to assist in the reduction of or prevent further accumulation of edema (swelling).

We may include them as part of your regular treatments and teach you and your family how to use them at home.

NMES

We may use a treatment called neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES). NMES uses electrical current to gently stimulate/contract the muscles around your knee to help improve their strength.

Assistive devices

It may be necessary to use assistive devices such as crutches, a cane, or a walker in the short term.

We will

  • make recommendations about which device is best for you and
  • instruct you in how to use it properly

Strengthening exercises

We will design exercises to build and maintain your strength during recovery and help restore full movement to the knee. You will be given a home program of exercises that are specific to your condition.

Strengthening the muscles around the knee and throughout the leg helps ease pressure on the healing knee tissue.

If Surgery Is Required

Patients with more serious meniscal tears, or those who don’t respond to a course of physical therapy, may need corrective knee surgery to repair the injured knee.

Surgically removing the torn cartilage (a procedure called a meniscectomy) usually is a simple procedure that requires a course of physical therapy treatment following surgery.

Many people are able to return to their previous level of activity, including sports, after approximately 4-6 months of knee physiotherapy treatment.

Meniscus removal

Following a simple meniscectomy, your physiotherapy journey will likely be similar to that for nonsurgical meniscal injuries. We may use cold therapy for pain relief and reduce swelling and will show you how to use these treatments at home.

The focus of your physiotherapy treatment will be on helping you get back your strength and movement through a series of exercises performed in the clinic and at home, as well as with hands-on treatment (manual therapy).

Initially, it is likely that you will need to use crutches or a cane for walking. We will help guide you in gradually placing your weight on the knee to stand or walk, to allow the meniscus and other tissue in the knee joint to slowly adjust to increased pressure.

Meniscus repair

Sometimes your knee orthopedic surgeon will decide that the torn meniscus can be repaired instead of removed. Research studies show that if a meniscal repair is possible, it can reduce the risk of arthritis developing later in life.

Rehabilitation following a meniscal repair is slower and more extensive than with meniscal removal because the repaired tissue must be protected while it is healing.

The type of surgical technique performed, the extent of your injury, and the preferences of the surgeon often determine how quickly you will be able to put weight on your leg, stop using crutches, and return to your previous activities.

Following surgery for meniscal repair, our senior physiotherapist will:

  • Help you control pain and swelling
  • Guide you through progressive reloading of weight to the knee to allow the cartilage to slowly adjust to increased compressive stress and pressure
  • Help restore your knee and leg range of motion
  • Teach you exercises to help restore your muscle strength

Return to Activity

Whether your torn meniscus recovered on its own or required surgery, we will play an important role in helping you return to your previous activities.

We will help you learn to walk without favoring the leg and perform activities like going up and down stairs with ease.

Return to work

If you have a physically demanding job or lifestyle, we can help you return to these activities and improve how you perform them.

Return to sport

If you are an athlete or active in sports and activities, you may need a more extensive course of knee physiotherapy. We will help you fully restore your

  • strength
  • endurance
  • flexibility
  • coordination to help maximize your return to sports and prevent reinjury

Return to sport varies greatly from one person to the next and depends on the extent of the injury, the specific surgical procedure, the preference of the surgeon, and the type of sport.

Our senior physiotherapists will consider these factors when designing and adjusting your rehabilitation program, and will work closely with your surgeon to help decide when it is safe for you to return to sports and other activities.



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book your physio appointment or enquire now

Email questions and your preferred physiotherapy timings to nigel@phoenixrehabgroup.com or

WhatsApp / SMS your name, preferred date, time and enquiries to +6588001830

Clinic Locations: See how to get to us here

Phoenix Rehab physio Services

Phoenix Rehab Group works with specialist physiotherapists and rehab therapists who are highly trained, qualified, experienced and passionate to provide high level of expert care to our patients.



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Clinical Pilates is a form of physical exercise that focuses on posture, core stability, balance, control, strength, flexibility and breathing.

It is a system of safe and effective exercises, which meet specific individual needs, to treat a wide range of injuries and conditions.

You may do Pilates as matwork or with the reformer or both, and every session will be customized 100% to your fitness, injury and tolerance.



TRADITIONAL CHINESE MEDICINE (TCM)



DEEP TISSUE RELEASE & SPORTS MASSAGE THERAPY

Sports and deep tissue release massage helps to increase nutrient-rich blood flow to tired, tight and tense muscles to

  • accelerate recovery and
  • shorten downtime / recovery period required

It also prevents muscles from scar tissue micro-tears (and potential ruptures), and increases muscle performance.

Done regularly, it will keeps your muscles healthy and fit with body/movement-confidence. Read the benefits of regular deep tissue release therapy here.



ALTERNATIVE THERAPIES

All our allied health therapists and TCM physicians are fully insured and registered with Allied Health Professions Council (AHPC) and Traditional Chinese Medicine Board (TCMB).

See our entire team here with introductions and their specializations.

At the first session, our specialist physiotherapists will carry out a thorough assessment, helping them to select the most appropriate treatment to help you recover as well as provide treatment in the same session.

Follow up sessions are inline to provide expert treatment for your pain as well as prescribing specific exercises to reduce your risk of re-injury and giving you a long term solution.

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We do not rely on advertising - instead, we prefer and appreciate the goodwill and positive reinforcement from patients. When you have the chance, please tell your family, friends and physicians about the positive results and experience you have had in our physio clinics.

book your physio appointment or enquire now

Email questions and your preferred physiotherapy timings to nigel@phoenixrehabgroup.com or

WhatsApp / SMS your name, preferred date, time and enquiries to +6588001830

Clinic Locations: See how to get to us here