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Cruciate Ligaments, Knee Injuries and Physiotherapy

Illustration of the ligaments of the knee, including the anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments

Our cruciate ligaments (which are also known as the cruciform ligaments) refers to a pair of ligaments arranged and looks like the letter "X" from the front.

These cruciate ligaments can be found in several parts of the body e.g. the knees; and what they primarily do is that they strongly stabilize the joints and yet at the same time still allows a very big range of motion for the joint(s).

common cruciate ligament injuries

The most common injuries to the human knees and the knees that our senior physiotherapists treat are the anterior cruciate ligament (usually shortened to "ACL") as well as the posterior cruciate ligament (abbreviated to "PCL").

Anterior just means "front", so the ACL is the front cruciate ligament; and posterior means "back" so the PCL is the back cruciate ligament.

These two ligaments are tremendously strong, rounded and extends all the way from our tibia bone to our femoral bone, and from the front/back view, when the ACL and PCL cross each other, it looks like an "X" in the middle of the knee.

These two cruciate ligaments are 100% separate from each other, and have their own synovial sheathe (not shared).

functions of the anterior cruciate ligament versus the posterior cruciate ligament of the knee

  • Anterior cruciate ligament main function is to keep the tibia in position and to prevent it from sliding anteriorly too much
  • Posterior cruciate ligament is the reverse of ACL, its main job is to keep the tibia from sliding backwards too much

physiotherapy and anterior cruciate ligament (acl) injuries rehabilitation

Your best way to avoid anterior cruciate ligament reconstructive surgery is to undertake a comprehensive ACL-Deficient Knee Rehabilitation Program that includes and involves:

  • leg strengthening
  • proprioception and high-level balance retraining
  • sport-specific agility and functional enhancement.

We have senior sports physiotherapists who sub-specialize in knee and ACL management.

Physiotherapy treatments will aim to:

  • Reduce pain and inflammation
  • Normalize your joint range of motion
  • Strengthen your knee: esp Quadriceps (esp VMO) and Hamstrings
  • Strengthen your lower limb: Calves, Hip and Pelvis muscles
  • Improve patellofemoral (kneecap) alignment
  • Normalize your muscle lengths
  • Improve your proprioception, agility and balance
  • Improve your technique and function eg walking, running, squatting, hopping and landing.
  • Minimize your chance of re-injury.

We strongly suggest that you discuss your knee injury after a thorough examination from a knee injury specialist such as a sports physiotherapist, sports physician or knee surgeon.

This is a shortened summarized version of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Physiotherapy, refer to full article.

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Phoenix Rehab Physio Services

Phoenix Rehab Group works with specialist physiotherapists and rehab therapists who are highly trained, qualified, experienced and passionate to provide high level of expert care to our patients.


Patients who sustained injuries to their elbows, forearms, hands, wrists (sprains and fractures) and fingers, usually will benefit / require Hand Therapy to

  1. manage and decrease hand pains
  2. improve range of motion, strength and dexterity
  3. increase the function of their hand following injuries or post-operations

Commonly treated hand pain injuries includes


Clinical Pilates is a form of physical exercise that focuses on posture, core stability, balance, control, strength, flexibility and breathing.

It is a system of safe and effective exercises, which meet specific individual needs, to treat a wide range of injuries and conditions.

You may do Pilates as matwork or with the reformer or both, and every session will be customized 100% to your fitness, injury and tolerance.


  • Cupping TCM
  • Auricular Therapy TCM
  • Herbal TCM Medicine & Supplementation


Sports and deep tissue release massage helps to increase nutrient-rich blood flow to tired, tight and tense muscles to accelerate recovery and  shorten downtime / recovery period required.

It also prevents muscles from scar tissue micro-tears (and potential ruptures), and increases muscle performance. Having regular deep tissue and sports massage will keep your muscles healthy and fit with body/movement-confidence.

Read the benefits of regular deep tissue release therapy here.


All our allied health therapists and TCM physicians are fully insured and registered with Allied Health Professions Council (AHPC) and Traditional Chinese Medicine Board (TCMB).

See our entire team here with introductions and their specializations.

At the first session, our specialist physiotherapists will carry out a thorough assessment, helping them to select the most appropriate treatment to help you recover as well as provide treatment in the same session.

Follow up sessions are inline to provide expert treatment for your pain as well as prescribing specific exercises to reduce your risk of re-injury and giving you a long term solution.

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We appreciate you as our valued clients and want you to know that the # 1 way we grow as a clinic / brand is through word of mouth referrals from valued patients like yourself.

We prefer not to rely on advertising - instead, we prefer and appreciate the goodwill and positive reinforcement from patients. When you have the chance, please tell your family, friends and physicians about the positive results and experience you have had in our physio clinics.

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