Home > Blog > Cruciate Ligaments, Knee Injuries and Physiotherapy

book a physiotherapy appointment today

Cruciate Ligaments, Knee Injuries and Physiotherapy

Illustration of the ligaments of the knee, including the anterior and posterior cruciate ligaments

Our cruciate ligaments (which are also known as the cruciform ligaments) refers to a pair of ligaments arranged and looks like the letter "X" from the front.

These cruciate ligaments can be found in several parts of the body e.g. the knees; and what they primarily do is that they strongly stabilize the joints and yet at the same time still allows a very big range of motion for the joint(s).

common cruciate ligament injuries

The most common injuries to the human knees and the knees that our senior physiotherapists treat are the anterior cruciate ligament (usually shortened to "ACL") as well as the posterior cruciate ligament (abbreviated to "PCL").

Anterior just means "front", so the ACL is the front cruciate ligament; and posterior means "back" so the PCL is the back cruciate ligament.

These two ligaments are tremendously strong, rounded and extends all the way from our tibia bone to our femoral bone, and from the front/back view, when the ACL and PCL cross each other, it looks like an "X" in the middle of the knee.

These two cruciate ligaments are 100% separate from each other, and have their own synovial sheathe (not shared).

functions of the anterior cruciate ligament versus the posterior cruciate ligament of the knee

  • Anterior cruciate ligament main function is to keep the tibia in position and to prevent it from sliding anteriorly too much
  • Posterior cruciate ligament is the reverse of ACL, its main job is to keep the tibia from sliding backwards too much

physiotherapy and anterior cruciate ligament (acl) injuries rehabilitation

Your best way to avoid anterior cruciate ligament reconstructive surgery is to undertake a comprehensive ACL-Deficient Knee Rehabilitation Program that includes and involves:

  • leg strengthening
  • proprioception and high-level balance retraining
  • sport-specific agility and functional enhancement.

We have senior sports physiotherapists who sub-specialize in knee and ACL management.

Physiotherapy treatments will aim to:

  • Reduce pain and inflammation
  • Normalize your joint range of motion
  • Strengthen your knee: esp Quadriceps (esp VMO) and Hamstrings
  • Strengthen your lower limb: Calves, Hip and Pelvis muscles
  • Improve patellofemoral (kneecap) alignment
  • Normalize your muscle lengths
  • Improve your proprioception, agility and balance
  • Improve your technique and function eg walking, running, squatting, hopping and landing.
  • Minimize your chance of re-injury.

We strongly suggest that you discuss your knee injury after a thorough examination from a knee injury specialist such as a sports physiotherapist, sports physician or knee surgeon.

This is a shortened summarized version of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Physiotherapy, refer to full article.

Back to Top

book a physiotherapy appointment today

Phoenix Rehab Singapore Core Services And Specializations

Phoenix Rehab Group works with specialist physiotherapists and specialist rehab therapists who are highly trained, qualified, experienced and passionate to provide high level of expert care to our patients.


Patients who sustained injuries to their elbows, forearms, hands, wrists (sprains and fractures) and fingers, and requires Hand Therapy to increase the function of their hand following injuries or post-operations and custom made hand splints.


Clinical Pilates is a form of physical exercise that focuses on posture, core stability, balance, control, strength, flexibility, and breathing.

It is a system of safe and effective exercises, which meet specific individual needs, to treat a wide range of injuries and conditions.



Sports and deep tissue release massage helps to increase nutrient-rich blood flow to tired , tight and tense muscles to accelerate recovery and shorten downtime. It also helps prevents muscles from scar tissue micro-tears (and future ruptures), and increases muscle performance. When done regularly it will keeps your muscles and you healthy and fit and have body/movement-confidence.


Having a dedicated personal trainer/personal training helps you get faster and better health, fitness and wellness results.

You can expect better fat loss and muscle gain, have reduced risks of injury, establish effective exercise and health habits as well as overcome those annoying "flatline plateus" to breakthrough to your next level of fitness and weight loss.

All our allied health therapists and TCM physicians are fully insured and registered with Allied Health Professions Council (AHPC) and Traditional Chinese Medicine Board (TCMB).

See our entire team here by location and specialization.

At the first session, our specialist physiotherapists will carry out a thorough assessment, helping them to select the most appropriate treatment to help you recover as well as provide treatment in the same session. 

Follow up sessions are inline to provide expert treatment for your pain as well as prescribing specific exercises to reduce your risk of re-injury and giving you a long term solution.

do Tell Your Family, Friends And Colleagues About Us =)

We appreciate you as a patient and want you to know that the #1 (and only) way we grow as a clinic is through word of mouth referrals from valued patients like yourself.

We do not rely on advertising - instead, we prefer and appreciate the goodwill and positive reinforcement from patients. When you have the opportunity, please take the time to tell your family, friends and physicians about the positive results and experience you have had in our clinic.

book a physiotherapy appointment today