Calf Muscle Injury and Physiotherapy

Calf injuries are known as "pulled calf muscles" or "pulled leg muscles", and this is the actual description of how the calf injury happens - the calf muscle was over-contracted or over-extended, and this led to a painful micro-tear in the calf.

And in actual fact, calf muscle injuries are more common that we realize.

Tears in the calf is known as calf muscle strain, and there are three categories of severity depending on the level of injury:

  1. Grade 1 - signs and symptoms of calf muscle injuries may not seem serious, and may even be overlooked because it's not obvious at all during the event...but it usually becomes much more obvious after the event/activity, and even moreso obvious the next day.

    Patients will start feeling tightness and even cramping in the calf muscles, as well as sharp pain as the muscles lengthen and shorten during moving around.

  2. Grade 2 - with grade 2, is it a moderate/medium level of calf muscle injury. Patients usually report immediate presence of calf pain, and there is pain with touch and definitely painful with movement, stretching and shortening/lengthening.

  3. Grade 3 - grade 3 muscle strains are very serious muscle injuries.

    Patients will 100% feel sharp, painful, tearing muscle pain, and patients will be unable to walk due to weakness and pain. There is a possibility that the muscle may even be fully and completely torn - if this is the case, patients can see a "lump" or "bump" of muscle tissue at the top of a hollow depressed point where the muscle tear is.

    A coupe of days later, patients can definitely notice a very large blue-black bruise because of the muscle injury. For full ruptures or grade 3 calf muscle tears, there is a very high need for operative repair (to sew/suture the muscles together again)

Physiotherapy for calf muscle injuries

Physiotherapy treatment for calf muscle injuries always start with:

  1. Rest to allow the injured structured to repair and heal, and for the swelling and acute pain to subside just a little. We can't rest too long without therapy, because that may cause too much stiffness.

    We may apply intermittent cold therapy compression as well as elevation of the injured leg to increase recovery of swelling. In some cases, patients may need a customized splint to protect the injured muscle.

  2. Then when it's medically safe to start mobilizations, we will start with gentle active and protected range of motion (ROM) exercises to prevent soft tissues from sticking to each other, increase range of motion, and increase strength.

  3. As the calf injury improves, we will gradually increase the therapy and exercise to be increasingly resistive, as well as incorporating stretching exercises to manage scarring, stretch out muscles and joints. This will also improve the tensile strength of the calf muscle.

    Strengthening exercises will first be done manually for more control by the senior physiotherapists, but we will gradually progress it to use things like trampolines, resistive bands etc to provide more variety.

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Phoenix Rehab Physio Services

Phoenix Rehab Group works with specialist physiotherapists and rehab therapists who are highly trained, qualified, experienced and passionate to provide high level of expert care to our patients.


Patients who sustained injuries to their elbows, forearms, hands, wrists (sprains and fractures) and fingers, usually will benefit / require Hand Therapy to

  1. manage and decrease hand pains
  2. improve range of motion, strength and dexterity
  3. increase the function of their hand following injuries or post-operations

Commonly treated hand pain injuries includes


Clinical Pilates is a form of physical exercise that focuses on posture, core stability, balance, control, strength, flexibility and breathing.

It is a system of safe and effective exercises, which meet specific individual needs, to treat a wide range of injuries and conditions.

You may do Pilates as matwork or with the reformer or both, and every session will be customized 100% to your fitness, injury and tolerance.


  • Cupping TCM
  • Auricular Therapy TCM
  • Herbal TCM Medicine & Supplementation


Sports and deep tissue release massage helps to increase nutrient-rich blood flow to tired, tight and tense muscles to accelerate recovery and  shorten downtime / recovery period required.

It also prevents muscles from scar tissue micro-tears (and potential ruptures), and increases muscle performance. Having regular deep tissue and sports massage will keep your muscles healthy and fit with body/movement-confidence.

Read the benefits of regular deep tissue release therapy here.


All our allied health therapists and TCM physicians are fully insured and registered with Allied Health Professions Council (AHPC) and Traditional Chinese Medicine Board (TCMB).

See our entire team here with introductions and their specializations.

At the first session, our specialist physiotherapists will carry out a thorough assessment, helping them to select the most appropriate treatment to help you recover as well as provide treatment in the same session.

Follow up sessions are inline to provide expert treatment for your pain as well as prescribing specific exercises to reduce your risk of re-injury and giving you a long term solution.

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We appreciate you as our valued clients and want you to know that the # 1 way we grow as a clinic / brand is through word of mouth referrals from valued patients like yourself.

We prefer not to rely on advertising - instead, we prefer and appreciate the goodwill and positive reinforcement from patients. When you have the chance, please tell your family, friends and physicians about the positive results and experience you have had in our physio clinics.

book an appointment today
(or check your pains / injuries)

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