Whiplash Physiotherapy Management
Whiplash and Whiplash Physiotherapy
Whiplash happens when there is a sudden and impulsive forward-backward movement forced onto the neck (in medical terms, it's called an acceleration-deceleration force).
Whiplash are often caused by motor vehicle accidents on the road such as a car slams into another car's back or side, or similar accidents, and I've even come across freak accidents where people dive into the beach without realizing it's a shallow area, and the force jars the neck into a whiplash injury.
What happens is that the sudden forward-backwards force causes the head to lunge forwards in an almost full neck forward bending, and with a quick backwards snap, the head gets "whipped" back into extension (usually hyper-extension where the head looks upwards).
The damage from the forces generated may cause bony and/or soft tissue injuries in the neck region, such as the articular discs, the ligaments, tendons, muscles and nerve roots, all located in the neck.
Whiplash injuries are graded according to the following:
- Grade 0: No pain/discomfort, with no physical injury.
- Grade 1: Mild neck pain, stiffness or tenderness. with no physical injury.
- Grade 2: Mild-moderate neck pain, stiffness or tenderness; with some physical
injury such as tenderness or trouble turning the head.
- Grade 3: Moderate neck pain, stiffness or tenderness and obvious neurological
signs of injury, such as changes to the reflexes or weakness in the arms
- Grade 4: Severe neck pain and fracture or dislocation of the neck.
What are the symptoms following a whiplash injury?
Most common symptom of whiplash is neck pain and/or stiffness, which can happen immediately following the accident or even after a few days of "feeling nothing".
whiplash symptoms may include:
- Tingling and/or pain in the shoulders and
- Altered sensation, pins and
needles, numbness in the arms
- Visual and auditory symptoms
- Difficulty concentrating
- Difficulty in swallowing
Whiplash Physiotherapy: What will be the treatments be?
Physiotherapy management of whiplash injuries will generally be done in a pain-free approach (meaning that you should not feel any or much pain in physio sessions) include:
as exercise helps to improve pain experienced, range of motion of affected joints, flexibility of the muscles and joints, function and one's fitness.
Exercise also promotes production of endorphins, which is a naturally
occurring hormone that helps with pain control.
of the joints of the spine. It is a gentle and controlled movement of the affected joints which helps to improve mobility in areas of the spine that are limited in motion/movement.
machine (at physio discretion) -
which helps to decrease the level of pain experienced through use of gentle distracting electrical stimulation.
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Our Physio & Rehab Expertise
Specialist Rehab Group works with specialist physiotherapists and specialist rehab therapists who are highly trained, qualified, experienced and passionate to provide high level of expert care to our patients.
Areas of specialization
- physiotherapy: back and neck (spine), sports, shoulder, hip, knee, ankle
- hand therapy: forearm, wrist, hand and fingers
- podiatrist: leg, calf, ankle, foot and toes
- read more on our specializations here
All our therapists are fully insured and registered with Allied Health Professions Council (AHPC) and Traditional Chinese Medicine Board (TCM). See our entire team here by location and specialization.
Initially, our specialist physiotherapists will carry out a thorough
assessment, helping them to select the most appropriate treatment to
help you recover. They then provide
expert treatment for your pain as well as prescribing specific
exercises to reduce your risk of re-injury and giving you a long term
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We are a wholly Singapore Private Limited group of licensed physiotherapists, hand therapists, podiatrists, chiropractors, sports massage therapists, clinical pilates practitioners and TCM physicians practicing in our scope of rehabilitation and its areas of specializations. As listed in our website are the list of services we provide our clients as referred by their medical doctors or by self referrals/word of mouth.
The range of rehabilitation results vary from patients to patients, depending on a variety of factors and reasons such as severity of condition, genetics, gender and age. However, we will still deliver the best evidence-based-practice of physiotherapy, hand therapy, TCM, sports training and deep tissue release therapy that we can deliver.
The information available on this site is for educational purposes only, if you need a full professional advise on physiotherapy, hand therapy and occupational therapy, please schedule an appointment with us by contacting our staff by Call/SMS/WhatsApp at xx, thanks!