> Shoulder Pain Physio > Rotator Cuff Injury > Rotator Cuff Injury Exercises and Physiotherapy
Rotator Cuff Injury Exercises and Physiotherapy
Rotator Cuff Injuries are common shoulder
injury that is treated by physiotherapists.
Our shoulder rotator cuff consists of
four main muscles and their tendons that works closely together
- the supraspinatus
- the infraspinatus and
- the teres
Together, they form the rotator cuff and it basically acts as an
anchor for your shoulder, stabilizing the humeral head.
Are there different types of rotator cuff damages and injuries? What are they?
there are a few structures involved in the rotator cuff, it then
becomes prone to several types of injuries, which are listed here:
- Rotator cuff inflammation
if or when any of the tendons of the four muscles become inflamed due
to physical stress or direct trauma, tendonitis happens.
and tendonitis causes swelling which increases the internal pressure and
this can compress on other structures in the shoulder joint
- Shoulder impingement syndrome - impingement simply means that a tendon of one of the four rotator cuff muscles becomes impinged, compressed or squeezed
- Calcification of the rotator cuff tendonitis
- sometimes, calcium gets deposited in the tendons of the rotator cuff
(especially do in long term tendonitis cases), causing them to become
hard (calcification) which causes pain as tendon glides with any
- Shoulder bursitis - the shoulder joint has a bursa
which is located just beneath our acromion – this is called the
subacromial bursa, and it can become inflamed if the shoulder is
- Rotator cuff tears - can happen when one
of the tendons or the muscles of the rotator cuff gets stretched beyond
what it can bear, and it tears.
Tears can be partial or complete
rupture. Tears happen usually from strong impacting forces such as road
traffic accidents or falls, but they are also sometimes caused by
gradual tears and micro-tears due to normal wear and tear as we age and
use our hands.
What causes a rotator cuff injury?
shoulder is very easily injured as we use it all the time in almost
every single thing we do, including
- pulling stuff
- driving cars
- using tools
– these are but some of the activities that require our shoulders to exert
Also, traumatic incidences such as falls or road traffic
accidents are common-occurring situations which can lead to a
shoulder rotator cuff injury.
How do I know I have a rotator cuff injury?
people with injuries to their rotator cuff often get pain and
tenderness in their shoulders, and sometimes their ache and pain can
travel down the back of their hand.
Most of the time, the pain is very
specific to shoulder-based movement such as reaching up to take
something or pulling on a weighted object.
Our patients also often
mention that they feel a “baseline ache”, and moreso if they put
pressure on their affected shoulder.
Weakness and limited mobility is
another common sign.
One thing to note is that if your pain comes
as slow and gradual, it’s likely to be caused by wear and tear or
tendinitis; but if you get the sudden, sharp ones, it’s likely due to a
micro-tear in your rotator cuff.
How can our senior physiotherapists help a patient with rotator cuff injuries?
you injure your rotator cuff, it’d be best you visit your physician who
will refer you to an orthopedic surgeon who will advise you on the
severity of the rotator cuff injury, and the options you have.
the time if you have a complete rupture, you would have to undergo
surgery to correct the problem.
However, if what you have is a
micro-tear or partial-tear, the orthopedic surgeon may advise for
conservation management (meaning no operation) and to undergo
physiotherapy to maximize range, function and strength as your rotator
Some of the physiotherapy modalities we may use in the management and treatment of rotator cuff injuries includes:
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Phoenix Rehab physio Services
Phoenix Rehab Group works with specialist
physiotherapists and rehab therapists who are highly
trained, qualified, experienced and passionate to provide high level of
expert care to our patients.
PHYSIOTHERAPY & PHYSICAL THERAPY
HAND THERAPY & SPLINTING
Patients who sustained injuries to their elbows, forearms, hands, wrists
(sprains and fractures) and fingers, and requires Hand Therapy to increase the function of their hand
following injuries or post-operations as well as custom made hand splints.
Commonly treated hand pain injuries includes
CLINICAL PILATES & WELLNESS PILATES
Clinical Pilates is a form of physical exercise that focuses on
- core stability
- flexibility and
It is a system of safe and effective exercises, which
meet specific individual needs, to treat a wide range of injuries
You may do Pilates as matwork or with the reformer or both, and every session will be customized 100% to your fitness, injury and tolerance.
TRADITIONAL CHINESE MEDICINE (TCM)
DEEP TISSUE RELEASE & SPORTS MASSAGE THERAPY
Sports and deep tissue release massage helps to increase nutrient-rich blood
flow to tired, tight and tense muscles to
- accelerate recovery and
- shorten downtime / recovery period required
It also prevents
muscles from scar tissue micro-tears (and potential ruptures), and increases muscle
Done regularly, it will keeps your muscles healthy and fit with body/movement-confidence. Read the benefits of regular deep tissue release therapy here.
All our allied health therapists and TCM physicians are fully insured and registered with Allied Health Professions Council (AHPC) and Traditional Chinese Medicine Board (TCMB).
See our entire team here with introductions and their specializations.
At the first session, our specialist physiotherapists will carry out a thorough
assessment, helping them to select the most appropriate treatment to
help you recover as well as provide treatment in the same session.
Follow up sessions are inline to provide
expert treatment for your pain as well as prescribing specific
exercises to reduce your risk of re-injury and giving you a long term
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