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Reduced Range of Movement

Reduced range of movement is where there is a limitation of movement at a joint. The movement may become stiff or painful. Pain or stiffness may restrict the normal fluency of the joint’s range.

Causes of Reduced Range of Movement

There are different types of reduced range of movements. The three main types of reduced range of movement include:


  • Muscle Injury
  • Ligament injury
  • Tendon injury
  • Pain


  • Proprioception
  • Problem / injury with the nerves
  • Brain damage
  • Complex regional pain syndrome – leads to decreased use of limb (immobilisation)
  • Contractures due to abnormalities in nerve pathways


  • Swelling Pain
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Gonococcal joint infection (gonorrhoea)
  • Non Gonococcal joint infection (bacterial)

Reduced range of movement can be active or passive. Active and passive range of movement is:

  • Active range of movement is when the individual initiates and completes the movement through muscular action and control.

    This type of movement will only be reduced if there is an abnormality with the mechanisms which produce the movement.

    Active range of movement can be reduced if there is pain, muscular weakness and altered nerve pathways or a foreign object blocking the movement

  • Passive range of movement is when the joint is taken through its range with no involvement of the individual.

    This is usually done by a physiotherapist (preferably a senior, experienced one) during and assessment or as a treatment.

    This would eliminate the cause being due to structures which produce the movement such as muscle action.

    Passive range of movement may be decreased due structures and which to swelling, bony abnormalities and foreign objects within the joint.

How can Physiotherapy help with reduced range of movement?

Physiotherapists diagnose what is causing the decreased range of movement.

Our senior experienced physiotherapists have knowledge of diagnosing and treating the cause for reduced range of movements at a joint with a variety of causes.

They can help to:

  • Increase range of movement as appropriate
  • Strengthen the surrounding muscles
  • Decrease pain (pain relief physiotherapy)
  • Offer self-management strategies
  • Improve quality of life
  • Improve mobility (if a lower limb joint)

What type of treatments can be expected for reduced range of movement?

Physiotherapists at Physio.co.uk have a variety of skills and knowledge of treatments which can treat the cause and relieve the symptoms. Some of the most common treatment modalities are:


To increase joint rage of movement to its optimal range a qualified physiotherapist’s knowledge and experience is advisable.

To improve the health of a joint, increase movement and decrease pain please contact us to arrange an appointment.

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(or check your pains / injuries)

Phoenix Rehab Physio Services

Phoenix Rehab Group works with specialist physiotherapists and rehab therapists who are highly trained, qualified, experienced and passionate to provide high level of expert care to our patients.


Patients who sustained injuries to their elbows, forearms, hands, wrists (sprains and fractures) and fingers, usually will benefit / require Hand Therapy to

  1. manage and decrease hand pains
  2. improve range of motion, strength and dexterity
  3. increase the function of their hand following injuries or post-operations

Commonly treated hand pain injuries includes


Clinical Pilates is a form of physical exercise that focuses on posture, core stability, balance, control, strength, flexibility and breathing.

It is a system of safe and effective exercises, which meet specific individual needs, to treat a wide range of injuries and conditions.

You may do Pilates as matwork or with the reformer or both, and every session will be customized 100% to your fitness, injury and tolerance.


  • Cupping TCM
  • Auricular Therapy TCM
  • Herbal TCM Medicine & Supplementation


Sports and deep tissue release massage helps to increase nutrient-rich blood flow to tired, tight and tense muscles to accelerate recovery and  shorten downtime / recovery period required.

It also prevents muscles from scar tissue micro-tears (and potential ruptures), and increases muscle performance. Having regular deep tissue and sports massage will keep your muscles healthy and fit with body/movement-confidence.

Read the benefits of regular deep tissue release therapy here.


All our allied health therapists and TCM physicians are fully insured and registered with Allied Health Professions Council (AHPC) and Traditional Chinese Medicine Board (TCMB).

See our entire team here with introductions and their specializations.

At the first session, our specialist physiotherapists will carry out a thorough assessment, helping them to select the most appropriate treatment to help you recover as well as provide treatment in the same session.

Follow up sessions are inline to provide expert treatment for your pain as well as prescribing specific exercises to reduce your risk of re-injury and giving you a long term solution.

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We appreciate you as our valued clients and want you to know that the # 1 way we grow as a clinic / brand is through word of mouth referrals from valued patients like yourself.

We prefer not to rely on advertising - instead, we prefer and appreciate the goodwill and positive reinforcement from patients. When you have the chance, please tell your family, friends and physicians about the positive results and experience you have had in our physio clinics.

book an appointment today
(or check your pains / injuries)

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