Phoenix Rehab Novena Clinic Launch

Dear doctors, patients and friends, we are going to launch Phoenix Rehab @ Novena tentatively on Monday, 8th January 2018 (see clinic location and details here), subject to finalizations related to renovations and pre-launch activities. There is lots more to do, including the completion and upgrading of this website, but we are very excited for this opportunity to serve you.

Update you soonest!

Phoenix Rehab Group

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Piriformis Syndrome and Physiotherapy

Piriformis Syndrome and Physiotherapy Intervention

The term “sciatica” is a common term that happens when one has a slipped disc (in medical terms, it’s called disc herniation), and the disc presses onto the sciatic nerve, causing sciatica, which is a pain that shoots downwards from the buttock to the leg.

Okay, here’s the thing, sciatica can be caused by more than one factor such diseases to/of the lumbar spine such as slipped disc like we mentioned earlier, long-standing tendinitis of the hamstrings as well as fibrous adhesion of the sciatic nerve by nearby surrounding tissues. Sometimes in athletes, the piriformis muscles may irritate the sciatic nerve, causing pain in the buttocks and pain (direct or referring) along the length of the sciatic nerve.

This pain, termed as sciatica, often travels down the back of thigh and into the lower back. Patients who have this syndrome generally complains of a deep pain or tenderness in the buttocks, which is aggravated by sitting, climbing stairs or doing squats/squat-like exercises. Our piriformis muscles helps us in abducting our thighs (bringing outwards) and externally rotating our thighs (rolling upwards, as in sitting cross-legged).

With this information, imagine this: while balancing on your left foot, move your right left directly sideways away from your other thigh and rotate your right thigh such that your right toes points towards the ceiling. Done it? That is the ability and action of your right piriformis muscle.

Stretching the muscle almost always duplicates the pain. To stretch the piriformis, there are two methods:

#1: The Complicated But Complete Way:

Lie on your back and bend your affected hip and knee. To make things easier to understand, let’s assume that you have a right-sided piriformis syndrome. So you will be lying on your back and your right hip and knee will be bent. Use your left hand to hold onto the back of your right knee and pull your right knee towards your left shoulder.

This causes your right piriformis to adduct and flex. Not letting go yet, use your right hand to grab your suspended right ankle and rotate the ankle outwards. What this does is that it causes your hip to go into internal rotation to complete the stretch. Why I term this complete because gravity and body weight causes you to fully stretch your piriformis.

#2: Shorter Quicker Way:

Stand on your left foot and place the right foot on a chair or low but firm table, your right knee and hip needs to be bent at about 90 degrees. Using your right hand, press your right knee towards the left side of the body whilst keeping your ball of your right foot on the same spot on the chair

What causes the piriformis syndrome?

The piriformis muscle lies deeper below the buttock (gluteal) muscles; it starts/originates from the spine of the sacrum and extends to attach to the greater trochanter of your femur, which is the bony bulge on the outside and top of your thigh. Usually the sciatic nerve is located underneath the piriformis muscles, but in about 10-20% of the population, the sciatic nerve passes through the muscle. Common understanding is that acute injuries or long-term injuries to the piriformis causes swelling that squeezes/irritates the sciatic nerve, causing sciatica. People and patients who falls into this 10-20% are more predisposed to this condition.

The piriformis syndrome is usually diagnosed based on clinical history review, identification of symptoms and by manual, physical examination. Although there are no exact tests that can accurately confirm and pinpoint the diagnoses, but often X-rays, nerve conduction test and MRI may be utilized to exclude other problems/issues. As mentioned above, other causes of sciatica include lumbar spine diseases such as slipped disc, long term tendinitis of the hamstring and fibrous adhesions of other tissues/muscles around the sciatic nerve. That being said, there are two well-described tests that have been clinically validated, which are:

  • The FAIR-test, which is an electrophysiological test which measures delay in sciatic nerve conduction when the piriformis muscles is stretched against it
  • Magnetic Resonance Neurography, an advanced version of the MRI that highlights inflammation and the nerves themselves

Once accurately diagnosed, step-by-steps treatments are provided:

  1. Progressive piriformis muscle stretching, starting with FIVE (5) seconds of sustained stretch and slowly working up to SIXTY (60) seconds at a go. This is to be done several times daily.
  2. To combine with: Ultrasound therapy, gentle massage, strengthening
  3. Any abnormal biomechanical problems be identified and managed. This include abnormal walking patterns such as overpronation of the foot

If these all don’t work, you may want to consider getting injections of corticosteroid into the piriformis muscle. A caring and good sports medicine doctor and physician with clinical experience caring for athletes with piriformis syndrome will help to direct appropriate physiotherapy management. With accurate diagnosis and treatments, this syndrome is easily managed.

Where to next?

  1. Make An Physiotherapy or Hand Therapy Appointment
  2. Arrange A CallBack or Make An E-Enquiry Here
  3. See the list of physiotherapy conditions we treat
  4. Return to Urbanrehab's Physiotherapy and Hand Therapy Singapore Home Page from Piriformis Syndrome Page

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Our Physio & Rehab Expertise

Phoenix Rehab Group works with specialist physiotherapists and specialist rehab therapists who are highly trained, qualified, experienced and passionate to provide high level of expert care to our patients.

Areas of specialization

  • physiotherapy: back and neck (spine), sports, shoulder, hip, knee, ankle
  • hand therapy: forearm, wrist, hand and fingers
  • podiatrist: leg, calf, ankle, foot and toes
  • read more on our specializations here

All our therapists are fully insured and registered with Allied Health Professions Council (AHPC) and Traditional Chinese Medicine Board (TCM). See our entire team here by location and specialization.

Initially, our specialist physiotherapists will carry out a thorough assessment, helping them to select the most appropriate treatment to help you recover. They then provide expert treatment for your pain as well as prescribing specific exercises to reduce your risk of re-injury and giving you a long term solution.

To call for inquiries or appointments, please contact us at:

SMS/Call/Whatsapp: 96402670


Tell A Friend About Us

We appreciate you as a patient and want you to know that the #1 way we grow as a clinic is through word of mouth referrals from valued patients like yourself.

We do not rely on advertising - instead, we prefer and appreciate the goodwill and positive reinforcement from patients.

When you have the opportunity, please take the time to tell your family, friends and physicians about the positive results and experience you have had in our clinic.

Thank you so much, and stay healthy!

Please Call/SMS/WhatsApp to
xx, thanks!


We are a wholly Singapore Private Limited group of licensed physiotherapists, hand therapists, podiatrists, chiropractors, sports massage therapists, clinical pilates practitioners and TCM physicians practicing in our scope of rehabilitation and its areas of specializations.

As listed in our website are the list of services we provide our clients as referred by their medical doctors or by self referrals/word of mouth, but you can also make an appointment without seeing any doctors (that being said, if you do need a referral to a specialist orthopedic surgeon or sports GP, we will recommend you too as value added service at no additional costs to you).

The range of rehabilitation results vary from patients to patients, depending on a variety of factors and reasons such as severity of condition, genetics, gender and age. However, we will still deliver the best evidence-based-practice of physiotherapy, hand therapy, TCM, sports training and deep tissue release therapy that we can deliver (we are proud to say that we try our best to only engage the most experienced and specialist therapists - which makes a big difference in clinical outcomes).

The information available on this site is for educational purposes only, if you need a full professional advise on physiotherapy, hand therapy and occupational therapy, please schedule an appointment with us by contacting our staff by Call/SMS/WhatsApp at xx or email, thanks!




You can also text or WhatsApp and we will call you back too =)


Physio, Rehab &  Insurance

Your physio, hand therapy and rehab with us may be covered under your medical insurance or cashless - find out more here.


Acupuncture TCM
Balance Physiotherapy
Biomechanics Physiotherapy
Chest Physiotherapy
Clinical Massage Physiotherapy
Clinical Pilates
Cold Therapy Physio
Complementary Physiotherapy
Cupping TCM
Deep Tissue Massage
Desensitisation Physiotherapy
Electrotherapy Physio
Ergonomics Physiotherapy
Exercise Physiotherapy
Gua Sha TCM
Falls Prevention Physiotherapy
Hand Physiotherapy
Heat Physiotherapy
Home Physiotherapy
Ice Physiotherapy
Interferential Physiotherapy
Manipulation Physiotherapy
Muscle Stimulation Physio
Musician Physiotherapy
Stroke/Neuro Physiotherapy
Orthopedic Physiotherapy
Hand Splinting Physiotherapy
Pain Management TCM
Pain Relief Physiotherapy
Post Amputee Physiotherapy
Post Surgery Physiotherapy
Postural Physiotherapy
Re-Education Physiotherapy
Physiotherapy Singapore
Relaxation Physiotherapy
Sonophoresis Physiotherapy
Splinting Physiotherapy
Sports Physiotherapy Massage
Physiotherapy Stress Relief
Swelling Physiotherapy
TENS Physiotherapy
Tension Headaches Physiotherapy
Thermal Physiotherapy
Traction Back Physiotherapy
Trigger Point Physiotherapy
Ultrasound Physiotherapy
Wax Heat Physiotherapy


Finally I know what I have, my pain decreased and now I'm back to work!

Regional Sales Manager

OMG. The pain levels in my hands have dropped dramatically, about 60-70%


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