Osteoarthritis And Physiotherapy Singapore

Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease, classified under mechanical degradation of joints and joints tissue. Symptoms of a person with osteoarthritis will include pain within the affected joint, stiffness, 'locking' of the knee and tenderness to the touch. When cartilage wears off due to wear and tear, the bone surfaces becomes more vulnerable to physical trauma (as the cartilages serve as 'shock absorbers'). This in turn causes pain, and the patient will limit the movement of the joint, which causes muscle atrophy and ligamental laxity.

Treatments involves a mix of exercise therapy, lifestyle changes and modifications, and painkillers to lessen or manage the pain. If the pain experienced becomes overpowering, patients who have less risk often undergo joint replacement surgery such as hip replacement, knee replacement of the joint with osteoarthritis.

Osteoarthritis is a very common form of arthritis, and a big cause of long term impairment and disability.

Signs And Symptoms

Symptoms include pains (aching, pulling, burning) in joint and surrounding joint structures, loss of mobility and function, as well as decreased use. Sometimes movements will cause a cracking noise (known as crepitus), and accompanied by muscle spasms. Our patients also will often complain that the differences in weather e.g. moving from a cold room to a hot room or vice versa will result in a cramping ache.

OA often affects mobile and more weight bearing joints, such as the mobile hands, or the larger weight bearing hips and knees. As it progresses, the joints enlarge, becoming increasingly more painful and decreasing in mobility, as the day progresses. This distinguishes it from its related cousin, rheumatoid arthritis, that often gets better as time goes by.

In smaller joints such as the joints of the hands and fingers, Heberden's nodes can form on the end finger joint, and Bouchard's nodules can form on the joints just after the knuckles (refer to the picture by Drahreg01). They are not always painful, but they do restrict the movement of the fingers.

Causes Of Osteoarthritis

There are two types of OA classified: primary and secondary. Primary OA is the chronic degenerative disorder that is related by is not primarily caused by aging (some people in their 80+ or 90+ have no OA at all). Over time, the cartilages in our joints shrink, and becomes less resilient.

Secondary OA is caused by a variety of factors, but ends up with the same pathological results as of the primary OA. Some of the causes are listed here:

  1. Joint disorders.
  2. Diabetes mellitus.
  3. Any/all forms of inflammatory/arthritic diseases.
  4. Direct trauma.
  5. Joint infections.
  6. Ligamental laxity or instability.
  7. Obesity.
  8. Other syndromes such as marfan's syndrom and wilson's disease.


We recommend a combination of treatment approaches and modalities for a more effective outcomes. Lifestyle changes and modification such as adopting a more active lifestyle of healthy eating, exercise and weightloss), coupled with painkillers are some of the long term solutions.

Physical therapy helps to improve function, increase strength and mobility, decrease pain and delay the need for surgery. The exercise therapy that is prescribed by physiotherapists is documented to be more effective than that of a pure pharmaceutical approach. Some of the areas where we will target include balance training, gait correction re-training, and functional mobilization. Hand therapists often prescribe custom-made splints to prevent aggravation and deformities.

The best way to reduce joint pain, quite frankly, may simply be to pursue natural treatment for arthritis with a joint relief supplement with chondroitin and glucosamine. Multiple studies demonstrate these two compounds not only reduce joint pain, they may also protect cartilage and offer greater mobility. That's more that most arthritis medications offer, and probably safer as well.

Try Joint Relief Solution. A blend of natural ingredients, including glucosamine and chondroitin, it's also formulated with willow bark extract. You might be surprised to learn that willow bark has the same active ingredient as aspirin, and shows dramatic reduction in pain symptoms, with less reliance on NSAIDs as well.

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Our Physio & Rehab Expertise

Phoenix Rehab Group works with specialist physiotherapists and specialist rehab therapists who are highly trained, qualified, experienced and passionate to provide high level of expert care to our patients.

Areas of specialization

  • physiotherapy: back and neck (spine), sports, shoulder, hip, knee, ankle
  • hand therapy: forearm, wrist, hand and fingers
  • podiatrist: leg, calf, ankle, foot and toes
  • read more on our specializations here

All our therapists are fully insured and registered with Allied Health Professions Council (AHPC) and Traditional Chinese Medicine Board (TCM). See our entire team here by location and specialization.

Initially, our specialist physiotherapists will carry out a thorough assessment, helping them to select the most appropriate treatment to help you recover. They then provide expert treatment for your pain as well as prescribing specific exercises to reduce your risk of re-injury and giving you a long term solution.

To call for inquiries or appointments, please contact us at:


Email: contact@phoenixrehabgroup.com

Tell A Friend About Us

We appreciate you as a patient and want you to know that the #1 way we grow as a clinic is through word of mouth referrals from valued patients like yourself.

We do not rely on advertising - instead, we prefer and appreciate the goodwill and positive reinforcement from patients.

When you have the opportunity, please take the time to tell your family, friends and physicians about the positive results and experience you have had in our clinic.

Thank you so much, and stay healthy!

Please Call/SMS/WhatsApp to
+6588001830, thanks!


We are a wholly Singapore Private Limited group of licensed physiotherapists, hand therapists, podiatrists, chiropractors, sports massage therapists, clinical pilates practitioners and TCM physicians practicing in our scope of rehabilitation and its areas of specializations.

As listed in our website are the list of services we provide our clients as referred by their medical doctors or by self referrals/word of mouth, but you can also make an appointment without seeing any doctors (that being said, if you do need a referral to a specialist orthopedic surgeon or sports GP, we will recommend you too as value added service at no additional costs to you).

The range of rehabilitation results vary from patients to patients, depending on a variety of factors and reasons such as severity of condition, genetics, gender and age. However, we will still deliver the best evidence-based-practice of physiotherapy, hand therapy, TCM, sports training and deep tissue release therapy that we can deliver (we are proud to say that we try our best to only engage the most experienced and specialist therapists - which makes a big difference in clinical outcomes).

The information available on this site is for educational purposes only, if you need a full professional advise on physiotherapy, hand therapy and occupational therapy, please schedule an appointment with us by contacting our staff by Call/SMS/WhatsApp at +6588001830 or email contact@phoenixrehabgroup.com, thanks!

Connect with us

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Physio, Rehab &  Insurance

Your physio, hand therapy and rehab with us may be covered under your medical insurance or cashless - find out more here.


Acupuncture TCM
Balance Physiotherapy
Biomechanics Physiotherapy
Chest Physiotherapy
Clinical Massage Physiotherapy
Clinical Pilates
Cold Therapy Physio
Complementary Physiotherapy
Cupping TCM
Deep Tissue Massage
Desensitisation Physiotherapy
Electrotherapy Physio
Ergonomics Physiotherapy
Exercise Physiotherapy
Gua Sha TCM
Falls Prevention Physiotherapy
Hand Physiotherapy
Heat Physiotherapy
Home Physiotherapy
Ice Physiotherapy
Interferential Physiotherapy
Manipulation Physiotherapy
Muscle Stimulation Physio
Musician Physiotherapy
Stroke/Neuro Physiotherapy
Orthopedic Physiotherapy
Hand Splinting Physiotherapy
Pain Management TCM
Pain Relief Physiotherapy
Post Amputee Physiotherapy
Post Surgery Physiotherapy
Postural Physiotherapy
Re-Education Physiotherapy
Physiotherapy Singapore
Relaxation Physiotherapy
Sonophoresis Physiotherapy
Splinting Physiotherapy
Sports Physiotherapy Massage
Physiotherapy Stress Relief
Swelling Physiotherapy
TENS Physiotherapy
Tension Headaches Physiotherapy
Thermal Physiotherapy
Traction Back Physiotherapy
Trigger Point Physiotherapy
Ultrasound Physiotherapy
Wax Heat Physiotherapy


Finally I know what I have, my pain decreased and now I'm back to work!

Regional Sales Manager

OMG. The pain levels in my hands have dropped dramatically, about 60-70%


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