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Lumbar Spinal Stenosis

Typically affecting adults over 50 years of age, lumbar spinal stenosis refers to the narrowing of the space between the lumbar canal - this canal contains the spinal cord and hence when this space narrows, this will lead to:

  • numbness
  • weakness
  • pain

In severe cases, it may also lead to loss of bladder and bowel control.

Compression of the spinal cord at the lumbar (lower) region

When our spinal cord is compressed due to the narrowing of the spinal canal, it may result in:

  • numbness
  • weakness
  • pain

How severe it is depends on:

  • how strong the pressure is on the spinal cord
  • where the pressure is located on the spinal cord

Gentle/mild symptoms may be simple mild symptoms of weakness and pain, but if the pressure is very strong to the nerves, it may feel as though that the legs cannot feel anything nor have any control whatsoever. If it's really severe, it may also impact on control of bladder, bowel and even sexual functions.

Patients with lumbar spinal stenosis often report that if they bend just a little forward as they walk or sit, it will help to relieve the weakness and pain. This happens because when they bend forward, it decompresses the compression a little (of course, if they bend backwards it makes the symptoms worse).

Related article: Patient may consider our computerized spinal decompression traction therapy.

Why does our spinal canal narrows?

Most of the time, our spinal canal may narrow simply because of degeneration and degenerative changes in our spine bones as we age.

Degeneration process will cause:

  • excessive bone growth (known as osteophytes)
  • enlargement of ligaments (ligamental hypertrophy)
  • decrease/loss of spinal disc height

And those are the main reasons why lumbar spinal stenosis usually affects over 50 years of age - it's mainly related to age and age-related degeneration.

What are the treatment options if i've lumbar spinal stenosis

For patients who have severe condition/symptoms with weakness or loss of

  • strength/movement in legs
  • bladder, bowel and sexual functions

- patients are recommended to have surgery to take the relief off the nerves, especially if it's early stage (if left for too long, compressed nerves may be permanently damaged).

For non-urgent/conservative cases, patients are recommended for physiotherapy to:

These will help to offload the compression in the back and neck, and improve strength and function (not to mention independence and happiness of patients).

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Phoenix Rehab Physio Services

Phoenix Rehab Group works with specialist physiotherapists and rehab therapists who are highly trained, qualified, experienced and passionate to provide high level of expert care to our patients.


Patients who sustained injuries to their elbows, forearms, hands, wrists (sprains and fractures) and fingers, usually will benefit / require Hand Therapy to

  1. manage and decrease hand pains
  2. improve range of motion, strength and dexterity
  3. increase the function of their hand following injuries or post-operations

Commonly treated hand pain injuries includes


Clinical Pilates is a form of physical exercise that focuses on posture, core stability, balance, control, strength, flexibility and breathing.

It is a system of safe and effective exercises, which meet specific individual needs, to treat a wide range of injuries and conditions.

You may do Pilates as matwork or with the reformer or both, and every session will be customized 100% to your fitness, injury and tolerance.


  • Cupping TCM
  • Auricular Therapy TCM
  • Herbal TCM Medicine & Supplementation


Sports and deep tissue release massage helps to increase nutrient-rich blood flow to tired, tight and tense muscles to accelerate recovery and  shorten downtime / recovery period required.

It also prevents muscles from scar tissue micro-tears (and potential ruptures), and increases muscle performance. Having regular deep tissue and sports massage will keep your muscles healthy and fit with body/movement-confidence.

Read the benefits of regular deep tissue release therapy here.


All our allied health therapists and TCM physicians are fully insured and registered with Allied Health Professions Council (AHPC) and Traditional Chinese Medicine Board (TCMB).

See our entire team here with introductions and their specializations.

At the first session, our specialist physiotherapists will carry out a thorough assessment, helping them to select the most appropriate treatment to help you recover as well as provide treatment in the same session.

Follow up sessions are inline to provide expert treatment for your pain as well as prescribing specific exercises to reduce your risk of re-injury and giving you a long term solution.

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We prefer not to rely on advertising - instead, we prefer and appreciate the goodwill and positive reinforcement from patients. When you have the chance, please tell your family, friends and physicians about the positive results and experience you have had in our physio clinics.

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