Print Friendly and PDF

Knee Pain
Implication for physiotherapy and deep tissue release

Knee pain is a really common pain and complaint for many people. There are several factors that can lead to pain in one’s knees, so having awareness and knowledge of their causes can lead to a more accurate diagnosis.

Knee joint

Our knee joints are made of four bones connecting – the femur (thigh bone), the tibia and fibula (the two bones of the calves) and the patella (the kneecap). The knee is divided into four compartments: medial and lateral tibiofemoral compartments, the patellofemoral compartment and the superior tibiofibular joint. Each of these compartments’ components can suffer from repetitive strain injury or disease.

What are the common injuries that cause knee pain?

Some of the injuries that causes pain in our knees include the following:

  • Sprain (Ligament sprain)
  • Medial collateral ligament
  • Lateral collateral ligament
  • Anterior cruciate ligament
  • Posterior cruciate ligament
  • Tear of meniscus
  • Medial meniscus
  • Lateral meniscus
  • Strain (Muscle strain)
  • Quadriceps muscles
  • Hamstring muscles
  • Popliteal muscle
  • Patellar tendon
  • Hamstring tendon
  • Popliteal tendon

What are the common diseases that cause knee pain?

Some of the diseases of cause of knee pain include:

What are the common inflammations that cause knee pain?

  • Bursitis of the knee
  • Prepatellar bursitis - Housemaid's knee (most common)
  • Infrapatellar bursitis - Clergyman's knee (Superficial infrapatellar bursitis and Deep infrapatellar bursitis)
  • Semimembranosus bursitis
  • Tendinitis
  • Patellar tendinitis (Jumper's knee)
  • Hamstring tendinitis
  • Popliteal tendinitis
  • Synovitis of the knee

What are the common deformities of the knee?

  • Genu varum
  • Genu valgum
  • Genu recurvatum (Knee hyperextension)
  • Knee flexion deformity
  • Bipartite patella



  • Femoral fracture
  • Tibial fracture
  • Patella fracture


  • Patella dislocation
  • Knee joint dislocation (Tibiofemoral joint dislocation)

Referred knee pain

Referred pain is pain perceived at a location other than the site of the painful stimulus. An example is where if a patient has a heart attack but feels the pain in his neck, shoulders and back instead of his heart. Likewise, there can be pain that is referred to the knee that is related from another part of the body – the pain can come from one’s ankle, foot, hip joints or even lumbar spine (lower back).

Cold-induced Pain In Knees

A study in China concluded that knee pain is significantly more prevalent in people working in cold stores than in those in normal, non-cold temperature.

Another study concluded that 17% of adolescents with anterior knee pain (a common condition though mildly self-limiting) reported that their pain is associated with cold temperatures and cold weather. In the same study, the main activities that are associated with pain are sporting, stair climbing, walking and sitting. Some people also reported pain in their knees when it’s colder…and they also wear extra tights and warm pants in winter.

Cold-induce pain in the knee can also be caused by tenosynovitis of knee tendon, where exposure to cold can be either a causative or contributing factor. To add to this, there is also a known hereditary disease, which is the FCAS which is the familial cold autoinflammatory syndrome which often demonstrates pain in the knee. Cold weather may also aggravate pain in the knee which already has osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and fibromyalgia.

Pain due to immobility/lack of movements

People who are more sedentary or involved in lesser physical activity and work environment is yet another reason for developing pain in the knees. What happens is that decreased activity and movement weakens one’s knee muscles, and the lax muscles are unable to support the knee structure, causing increased bone-to-bone impact. Blood vessels may be compressed as well, causing painful conditions in the knee. As we grow older, the movement of the knee joint causes higher friction with nearby tissues and cartilages.

As age progresses the movement of the knee joint involves higher friction with adjacent tissue and cartilages.

Other causes of pain in the knees

  • Ligamentous laxity
  • Fat pad impingement
  • Knee effusion
  • Deep vein thrombosis
  • Peripheral vascular disease

Implications for Physiotherapy and Deep Tissue Release / Sports Massage Therapy

It’s important that an accurate diagnosis is made for all knee-related pain and injuries, and physiotherapy and deep tissue release therapy to start as soon as possible. Treatment techniques may include specific strengthening to correct muscle imbalance, soft tissue massage, joint mobilization and ultrasound therapy. Other electrotherapy procedures such as heat therapy may also be used to accelerate healing and provide pain relief.

Back to Top

Our Physio & Rehab Expertise

Specialist Rehab Group works with specialist physiotherapists and specialist rehab therapists who are highly trained, qualified, experienced and passionate to provide high level of expert care to our patients.

Areas of specialization

  • physiotherapy: back and neck (spine), sports, shoulder, hip, knee, ankle
  • hand therapy: forearm, wrist, hand and fingers
  • podiatrist: leg, calf, ankle, foot and toes
  • read more on our specializations here

All our therapists are fully insured and registered with Allied Health Professions Council (AHPC) and Traditional Chinese Medicine Board (TCM). See our entire team here by location and specialization.

Initially, our specialist physiotherapists will carry out a thorough assessment, helping them to select the most appropriate treatment to help you recover. They then provide expert treatment for your pain as well as prescribing specific exercises to reduce your risk of re-injury and giving you a long term solution.

To call for inquiries or appointments, please contact us at:

SMS/Call/Whatsapp: 96402670


Where to next?

  1. Make A Physiotherapy, Hand Therapy or Deep Tissue Release Singapore Appointment
  2. Arrange A CallBack or Make An E-Enquiry Here
  3. See the list of physiotherapy conditions we treat 
  4. See the list of orthopedic surgeons we serve in Singapore
  5. Return to Urbanrehab's Physiotherapy, Hand Therapy and Sports Massage Singapore Home Page from our knee pain page

Tell A Friend About Us

We appreciate you as a patient and want you to know that the #1 way we grow as a clinic is through word of mouth referrals from valued patients like yourself.

We do not rely on advertising - instead, we prefer and appreciate the goodwill and positive reinforcement from patients.

When you have the opportunity, please take the time to tell your family, friends and physicians about the positive results and experience you have had in our clinic.

Thank you so much, and stay healthy!

Please Call/SMS/WhatsApp to
xx, thanks!

We are a wholly Singapore Private Limited group of licensed physiotherapists, hand therapists, podiatrists, chiropractors, sports massage therapists, clinical pilates practitioners and TCM physicians practicing in our scope of rehabilitation and its areas of specializations. As listed in our website are the list of services we provide our clients as referred by their medical doctors or by self referrals/word of mouth.

The range of rehabilitation results vary from patients to patients, depending on a variety of factors and reasons such as severity of condition, genetics, gender and age. However, we will still deliver the best evidence-based-practice of physiotherapy, hand therapy, TCM, sports training and deep tissue release therapy that we can deliver.

The information available on this site is for educational purposes only, if you need a full professional advise on physiotherapy, hand therapy and occupational therapy, please schedule an appointment with us by contacting our staff by Call/SMS/WhatsApp at xx, thanks!




You can also text or WhatsApp and we will call you back too =)


Physio, Rehab &  Insurance

Your physio, hand therapy and rehab with us may be covered under your medical insurance or cashless - find out more here.


Acupuncture TCM
Balance Physiotherapy
Biomechanics Physiotherapy
Chest Physiotherapy
Clinical Massage Physiotherapy
Clinical Pilates
Cold Therapy Physio
Complementary Physiotherapy
Cupping TCM
Deep Tissue Massage
Desensitisation Physiotherapy
Electrotherapy Physio
Ergonomics Physiotherapy
Exercise Physiotherapy
Gua Sha TCM
Falls Prevention Physiotherapy
Hand Physiotherapy
Heat Physiotherapy
Home Physiotherapy
Ice Physiotherapy
Interferential Physiotherapy
Manipulation Physiotherapy
Muscle Stimulation Physio
Musician Physiotherapy
Stroke/Neuro Physiotherapy
Orthopedic Physiotherapy
Hand Splinting Physiotherapy
Pain Management TCM
Pain Relief Physiotherapy
Post Amputee Physiotherapy
Post Surgery Physiotherapy
Postural Physiotherapy
Re-Education Physiotherapy
Physiotherapy Singapore
Relaxation Physiotherapy
Sonophoresis Physiotherapy
Splinting Physiotherapy
Sports Physiotherapy Massage
Physiotherapy Stress Relief
Swelling Physiotherapy
TENS Physiotherapy
Tension Headaches Physiotherapy
Thermal Physiotherapy
Traction Back Physiotherapy
Trigger Point Physiotherapy
Ultrasound Physiotherapy
Wax Heat Physiotherapy


Finally I know what I have, my pain decreased and now I'm back to work!

Regional Sales Manager

OMG. The pain levels in my hands have dropped dramatically, about 60-70%


Read more testimonials