Home > Blog > Physiotherapy > Conditions >  Knee Pain Physiotherapy

book your physio appointment or enquire now

Enquire and email your preferred physiotherapy appointment slot to louise@phoenixrehabgroup.com or

WhatsApp / SMS your name, preferred date, time and enquiries to +6588001830

Clinic Locations: See how to get to us here

Knee Pain Physiotherapy



Knee pain is typically caused by either

  • disease or
  • injury

Among American adults, approximately 1 in 4 (25% prevalence) have experienced knee pain which affects their function of the knee. The prevalence of knee pain has increased over the past 20 years, with osteoarthritis being the most common cause in individuals over the age of 50.

Knee pain that is caused by injury (such as falls or direct damage in accidents) is most often associated with knee cartilage tears. Knee injuries can occur as the result of a direct blow or sudden movement that strains the knee beyond its normal range of movement.

Knee pain can cause difficulty performing activities such as

  • walking
  • jogging
  • rising from a chair
  • climbing up or down stairs
  • playing sports

Our senior physiotherapists are specially trained to

  • help diagnose and treat knee pain and
  • help individuals return to their normal activities without pain or limitation

first of all, What is Knee Pain?

The knee joint is a hinge joint that connects the tibia (shin bone), and the femur (thigh bone) at the patella (knee cap).

There are 4 main ligaments that support the knee joint, which are:

  • the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)
  • posterior cruciate ligament (PCL)
  • medial collateral ligament (MCL) and
  • lateral collateral ligament (LCL)

There are also 2 rings of cartilage that act as shock absorbers in the knee, called the medial and lateral meniscus.

The most common cause of knee pain is osteoarthritis, which is a medical condition that happens when the cartilage that protects the inside surfaces of the tibia and femur bones called articular cartilage gradually wears away (wear-and-tear), resulting in pain and swelling in the knee.

How Does it Feel?

Knee pain can occur suddenly for no apparent reason or develop slowly, as the result of repetitive trauma. Knee pain happens in different parts of the knee, depending on what structures in the knee are involved.

Below is a general breakdown of the areas in which knee pain may occur and the structures of the knee that may be involved:

  • Anterior knee pain, also referred to as patellofemoral pain, is pain around the kneecap (patella) in front of the knee, caused when the kneecap shifts out of position. This condition commonly affects younger females, and may be due to overuse injury. Pain often occurs when performing activities like squats or stair-climbing.

  • Lateral knee pain is pain that occurs on the outside of the knee. It is a type of overuse injury that commonly occurs in runners when the tendon called the iliotibial band (ITB) becomes irritated. Pain is often felt when performing activities such as climbing stairs, or when walking or running.

  • Medial knee pain is pain that occurs along the inside of the knee when the MCL or the medial meniscus become irritated due to direct injury or overuse. Pain is felt when squatting, walking up or down an incline, or going down stairs.

  • Pain caused by a ligament tear (such as anterior cruciate ligament ACL injuries) may result from a direct blow to the knee, or when twisting or pivoting the knee while the foot is planted on the ground. Immediate pain and swelling usually occur, and the knee may feel unstable—like it will "give out"—when an individual attempts to put weight on the involved leg.

  • Pain caused by osteoarthritis may occur anywhere in the knee where cartilage has broken down. This type of knee pain may begin as mild and progressively worsen. It can become increasingly difficult to walk long distances, fully bend and straighten the knee, climb stairs, or squat to sit in a chair. The knee also may swell intermittently with increased activity.

How Is knee pain Diagnosed?

Our senior physical therapist will make a diagnosis based on your symptoms, medical history, and a thorough examination. Your orthopedic doctor also may order an

  • X-ray and
  • magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

to complete the diagnosis.

We will perform an evaluation that will start with discussing your medical history and your symptoms.

We will ask questions to determine where your pain is located, if you sustained any trauma or injury to the knee, and what functional daily activities are painful or difficult for you to perform.

We will perform tests to find out if you have:

  • Limited range of motion in the knee
  • Pain in the knee with certain movements
  • Weakness in the muscles around your hip, knee, or ankle
  • Limited flexibility in your hip, knee, or ankle
  • Difficulty walking
  • Difficulty performing activities, such as rising from a chair or climbing stairs
  • Problems with your balance or coordination
  • Difficulty controlling the knee during certain activities
  • Difficulty performing specific sports activities (for athletes)

how our senior physiotherapists can help

Based on the findings of your evaluation, we will develop a customized rehabilitation program to ensure a safe return to your desired activities. Some general treatment techniques may include:

Pain management

We may provide treatments using different "modalities" such as

to help decrease pain and decrease swelling.

Manual therapy

We will apply manual (hands-on) therapy to gently guide movement of the knee area to restore joint and tissue mobility.

Therapeutic exercises

We will prescribe specific

to address your specific needs and goals.

Functional exercises

You will learn individualized exercises designed to help you return to your home, work, and sport activities. These also may include balance and coordination exercises.

Self-care instruction

We will teach you ways to manage your pain at home, and design a safe and effective home-exercise program based on your specific condition, which you can continue long after your formal physical therapy sessions have ended.

You also will learn how to avoid placing unnecessary forces on the knee during your daily activities for years to come.



Back to Top

book your physio appointment or enquire now

Enquire and email your preferred physiotherapy appointment slot to louise@phoenixrehabgroup.com or

WhatsApp / SMS your name, preferred date, time and enquiries to +6588001830

Clinic Locations: See how to get to us here

Phoenix Rehab physio Services

Phoenix Rehab Group works with specialist physiotherapists and rehab therapists who are highly trained, qualified, experienced and passionate to provide high level of expert care to our patients.



HAND THERAPY &  SPLINTING

Patients who sustained injuries to their elbows, forearms, hands, wrists (sprains and fractures) and fingers, and requires Hand Therapy to increase the function of their hand following injuries or post-operations as well as custom made hand splints.

Commonly treated hand pain injuries includes



CLINICAL PILATES & WELLNESS PILATES

Clinical Pilates is a form of physical exercise that focuses on posture, core stability, balance, control, strength, flexibility, and breathing. It is a system of safe and effective exercises, which meet specific individual needs, to treat a wide range of injuries and conditions.

You may do Pilates as matwork or with the reformer or both, and every session will be customized 100% to your fitness, injury and tolerance.



TRADITIONAL CHINESE MEDICINE (TCM)



DEEP TISSUE RELEASE & SPORTS MASSAGE THERAPY

Sports and deep tissue release massage helps to increase nutrient-rich blood flow to tired, tight and tense muscles to accelerate recovery and shorten downtime. It also prevents muscles from scar tissue micro-tears (and potential ruptures), and increases muscle performance.

Done regularly, it will keeps your muscles healthy and fit with body/movement-confidence. Read the benefits of regular deep tissue release therapy here.



ALTERNATIVE THERAPIES

All our allied health therapists and TCM physicians are fully insured and registered with Allied Health Professions Council (AHPC) and Traditional Chinese Medicine Board (TCMB).

See our entire team here with introductions and their specializations.

At the first session, our specialist physiotherapists will carry out a thorough assessment, helping them to select the most appropriate treatment to help you recover as well as provide treatment in the same session.

Follow up sessions are inline to provide expert treatment for your pain as well as prescribing specific exercises to reduce your risk of re-injury and giving you a long term solution.

do Tell Your Family, Friends And Colleagues About Us =)

We appreciate you as our valued clients and want you to know that the #1 way we grow as a clinic/brand is through word of mouth referrals from valued patients like yourself.

We do not rely on advertising - instead, we prefer and appreciate the goodwill and positive reinforcement from patients. When you have the chance, please tell your family, friends and physicians about the positive results and experience you have had in our physio clinics.

book your physio appointment or enquire now

Enquire and email your preferred physiotherapy appointment slot to louise@phoenixrehabgroup.com or

WhatsApp / SMS your name, preferred date, time and enquiries to +6588001830

Clinic Locations: See how to get to us here