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Knee Pain Physiotherapy
Knee pain is typically caused by either
Among American adults,
approximately 1 in 4 (25% prevalence) have experienced knee pain which affects their function of
the knee. The prevalence of knee pain has increased over the past 20
years, with osteoarthritis being the most common cause in individuals
over the age of 50.
Knee pain that is caused by injury (such as falls or direct damage in accidents) is most often
associated with knee cartilage tears. Knee injuries can occur as the
result of a direct blow or sudden movement that strains the knee beyond
its normal range of movement.
Knee pain can cause difficulty performing
activities such as
- rising from a chair
- climbing up or down stairs
- playing sports
Our senior physiotherapists are specially trained to
diagnose and treat knee pain and
- help individuals return to their
normal activities without pain or limitation
first of all, What is Knee Pain?
The knee joint is a hinge joint that connects the tibia (shin bone),
and the femur (thigh bone) at the patella (knee cap).
There are 4 main
ligaments that support the knee joint, which are:
- the anterior cruciate
- posterior cruciate ligament (PCL)
- medial collateral
ligament (MCL) and
- lateral collateral ligament (LCL)
There are also 2
rings of cartilage that act as shock absorbers in the knee, called the
medial and lateral meniscus.
The most common cause of knee pain is osteoarthritis, which is a medical condition
that happens when the cartilage that protects the inside surfaces of the
tibia and femur bones called articular cartilage gradually wears away (wear-and-tear),
resulting in pain and swelling in the knee.
How Does it Feel?
Knee pain can occur suddenly for no apparent reason or develop
slowly, as the result of repetitive trauma. Knee pain happens in
different parts of the knee, depending on what structures in the knee
Below is a general breakdown of the areas in which knee
pain may occur and the structures of the knee that may be involved:
- Anterior knee pain, also referred to as
patellofemoral pain, is pain around the kneecap (patella) in front of
the knee, caused when the kneecap shifts out of position. This condition
commonly affects younger females, and may be due to overuse injury.
Pain often occurs when performing activities like squats or
- Lateral knee pain is pain that occurs on the
outside of the knee. It is a type of overuse injury that commonly occurs
in runners when the tendon called the iliotibial band (ITB) becomes
irritated. Pain is often felt when performing activities such as
climbing stairs, or when walking or running.
- Medial knee pain is pain that occurs along the
inside of the knee when the MCL or the medial meniscus become irritated
due to direct injury or overuse. Pain is felt when squatting, walking up
or down an incline, or going down stairs.
- Pain caused by a ligament tear (such as anterior cruciate ligament ACL injuries) may result from a
direct blow to the knee, or when twisting or pivoting the knee while the
foot is planted on the ground. Immediate pain and swelling usually
occur, and the knee may feel unstable—like it will "give out"—when an
individual attempts to put weight on the involved leg.
- Pain caused by osteoarthritis may occur anywhere in
the knee where cartilage has broken down. This type of knee pain may
begin as mild and progressively worsen. It can become increasingly
difficult to walk long distances, fully bend and straighten the knee,
climb stairs, or squat to sit in a chair. The knee also may swell
intermittently with increased activity.
How Is knee pain Diagnosed?
Our senior physical therapist will make a diagnosis based on your symptoms,
medical history, and a thorough examination. Your orthopedic doctor also may order
- X-ray and
- magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
to complete the diagnosis.
We will perform an evaluation that will start
with discussing your medical history and your symptoms.
will ask questions to determine where your pain is located, if you
sustained any trauma or injury to the knee, and what functional daily
activities are painful or difficult for you to perform.
We will perform tests to find out if you have:
- Limited range of motion in the knee
- Pain in the knee with certain movements
- Weakness in the muscles around your hip, knee, or ankle
- Limited flexibility in your hip, knee, or ankle
- Difficulty walking
- Difficulty performing activities, such as rising from a chair or climbing stairs
- Problems with your balance or coordination
- Difficulty controlling the knee during certain activities
- Difficulty performing specific sports activities (for athletes)
how our senior physiotherapists can help
Based on the findings of your evaluation, we
will develop a customized rehabilitation program to ensure a safe return
to your desired activities. Some general treatment techniques may
provide treatments using different "modalities" such as
to help decrease pain and
We will apply manual
(hands-on) therapy to gently guide movement of the knee area to restore
joint and tissue mobility.
to address your specific needs and goals.
You will learn individualized
exercises designed to help you return to your home, work, and sport
activities. These also may include balance and coordination exercises.
teach you ways to manage your pain at home, and design a safe and
effective home-exercise program based on your specific condition, which
you can continue long after your formal physical therapy sessions have
You also will learn how to avoid placing unnecessary forces on
the knee during your daily activities for years to come.
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Phoenix Rehab physio Services
Phoenix Rehab Group works with specialist
physiotherapists and rehab therapists who are highly
trained, qualified, experienced and passionate to provide high level of
expert care to our patients.
PHYSIOTHERAPY & PHYSICAL THERAPY
HAND THERAPY & SPLINTING
Patients who sustained injuries to their elbows, forearms, hands, wrists
(sprains and fractures) and fingers, and requires Hand Therapy to increase the function of their hand
following injuries or post-operations as well as custom made hand splints.
Commonly treated hand pain injuries includes
CLINICAL PILATES & WELLNESS PILATES
Clinical Pilates is a form of physical exercise that focuses on posture,
core stability, balance, control, strength, flexibility, and breathing. It is a system of safe and effective exercises, which
meet specific individual needs, to treat a wide range of injuries
You may do Pilates as matwork or with the reformer or both, and every session will be customized 100% to your fitness, injury and tolerance.
TRADITIONAL CHINESE MEDICINE (TCM)
All our allied health therapists and TCM physicians are fully insured and registered with Allied Health Professions Council (AHPC) and Traditional Chinese Medicine Board (TCMB).
See our entire team here with introductions and their specializations.
At the first session, our specialist physiotherapists will carry out a thorough
assessment, helping them to select the most appropriate treatment to
help you recover as well as provide treatment in the same session.
Follow up sessions are inline to provide
expert treatment for your pain as well as prescribing specific
exercises to reduce your risk of re-injury and giving you a long term
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