Knee Pain Explained

We've been helping people to solve their knee pain since 2006; knee pains are very common, painful, and with good physiotherapy intervention plus specific exercises, you can definitely make it better.

Frankly, there are so many causes of knee and knee joint pain, and with each different injuries and conditions there are a whole range of specific/targeted solutions to decrease your pain and get your knee and leg that you can function normally with your life, hobbies and relationships.

Having treating/treated patients since 2006, we find that many of our patients (and people) may not get the full story of what's going on wrong with their knee (or anywhere else that's painful), and are sent away to recover on their own - this more often than not leaves them very worried, anxious and even confused, because they do not know what to do nor what to expect, and so many different people say different things.

We know this often happens not because the doctors or specialists don't care, but because they are often so overwhelmed with work and patient load that they hope that you'd be able to self manage or be resourceful (of course it ranges from doctors to doctors).

I personally know and feel that it is VERY vital for patients to understand what the exact problem is, what caused the problem and what treatment options are available out there for them.

So many patients come to us confused and overwhelmed by the scary-sounding medical terminology and jargons, so in this article I will try my best to share the explanations that we have refined over the years from thousands of conversations with people just like yourself.

There are different sections on this article, and each section contained detailed information on knee pain.

  1. Knee Diagnosis
  2. Knee Conditions
  3. Knee Injuries
  4. Arthritis in, and of the knee
  5. Anatomy of your knee
  6. Knee Treatments
  7. Knee Exercises
  8. Knee Surgery
  9. Braces for your knee

1) Knee Pain Diagnosis

In the knee pain diagnosis section, you will find loads of information to help you work out what might be causing your problem.  It is vital to understand the cause of a problem so you can get the right treatment.  There are two ways to search:

A) Location of the Pain

By thinking about the area where the majority of the pain in concentrated, we can get clues as to what may be going on.  Choose from:

Anterior Knee Pain: symptoms at the front
Posterior Knee Pain: symptoms at the back
Medial Knee Pain: symptoms on the inner side
Lateral Knee Pain: symptoms on the outer side
Kneecap Pain: symptoms over the patella
Calf Pain: symptoms on the back of the lower leg

B) Type of Symptoms

By looking at your specific symptoms (what you are feeling), you can get a good idea what is wrong. Here we cover symptoms such as:

Noisy Knees: are there popping and clicking noises?
Running Knee Pain: does it hurt during or after a run?
Giving Way: does the leg suddenly buckle underneath you?
Locking: does the knee get stuck in one position so you can't move it?
Pain on Stairs: is it difficult using the stairs?
Swelling: did it come on suddenly or gradually, with or without an injury?
Bony Lump: is there a small, hard lump below your knee?
Stiffness: does your leg feel stiff and sore?

2. Common Conditions

In the knee conditions section we cover everything you need to know about the most common causes of knee pain that come on gradually without an injury. We look at the common causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment options for each.  It includes conditions such as:

Arthritis: There is a whole section dedicated to arthritis
Bakers Cyst: Swelling behind the knee
Chondromalacia Patella: Damage to the kneecap cartilage
Gout: Inflammation due to uric acid causing swelling, pain and redness
Osgood Schlatters: The most common cause of knee pain in teenagers

Other conditions covered are runner’s knee (aka anterior knee pain or patellofemoral pain syndrome), bursitis, jumper’s knee (aka patellar tendonitis), iliotibial band syndrome and osteochondritis dissecans.

3. Common Knee Injuries

In the knee injuries section we look at the most common injuries that affect the knee.  You can find out everything you need to know including the causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment options for each.

ACL Injuries: full or partial tears of the anterior cruciate ligament causing pain and instability
PCL Injuries: damage to the posterior cruciate ligament
Meniscus Tears: damage to the cartilage lining the joint causing pain, instability and locking
Ligament Tears: overstretching or complete rupture of the ligaments
Kneecap Injuries: including dislocations and fractures of the patella
Calf Strain: overstretching of the calf muscles

4. Arthritis of the knee

The knee arthritis section is dedicated to the most common cause of knee pain in the over 65’s caused by wear and tear to the bones and cartilage.  You can find out everything you need to know including:

1) Different types of arthritis: Rheumatoid and osteoarthritis
2) Common Causes:  why do people get arthritis
3) Symptoms & Diagnosis: how it presents and diagnosis tools
4) Stages: how it progresses through three different stages,
5) Treatment: whole range of treatment options including the best exercises for arthritis, which foods help and which hinder, natural remedies such as supplements and homeopathy, alternative medicine options such as acupuncture and how to know if you need surgery.

5. Exercises

Studies have shown that leg exercises are one of the best treatments for virtually every cause of knee pain.  The knee exercises section has a whole range of exercises ranging from beginners through to advanced levels.  You can choose from:

1) General Programs: combine stretching, strengthening and movement
2) Strengthening Exercises: Beginners, intermediate and advanced
3) Stretches: programs for the different muscle groups
4) Rehab for Specific Conditions: as well as programs for specific knee problems such as meniscus tear rehab. 

There are simple to follow instructions with videos and pictures to make sure you are doing them correctly as well as lots of advice on working at the right level for you and how to get the best results from your exercise program.

6. Treatment Options

In the knee treatment section we look a whole range of different treatment options to help reduce knee pain and swelling, improve function, speed up recovery and stop the problem from coming back. 

This section includes treatments such as PRICE, the best first line treatment after an injury, how to use ice therapy safely and effectively, steroid injections to reduce pain and inflammation, synvisc injections to improve lubrication of the joint, acupuncture and tubigrip compression bandages for support and to reduce swelling.

7. Knee Surgery

In some cases surgery is the best option.  In the knee surgery section you will find loads of information on:

1) Knee Replacements

Information on both partial and total knee replacements including:

Surgery: What happens before, during and after surgery
Recovery Process: what happens, how long does it take, how can I speed things up
Rehab Process: what exercises & activities should I do
Common Problems: common problems and how to avoid them
FAQ's: e.g. am I overdoing it?  Will I set of metal detectors?
Total vs Partial Replacement: which one is right for me?

2) ACL Surgery

In some cases a tear of the anterior cruciate ligament will require surgery.  It may be a case of repairing a small tear or the entire ligament may need replacement.  You can find out everything you need to know including:

Surgery: what happens before, during and after surgery
ACL Reconstruction: surgery to replace the ligament
Rehab Protocol: guides you through the rehab process
Common Problems: common problems and how to avoid them
Recovery Process: including how long it takes to return to activities
Injury Prevention: how to reduce the risk of sustaining an ACL injury

8. Knee Braces

In the knee braces section we will guide you through the process of choosing the right knee brace for you.  There are so many different braces on the market these days it is often hard to find the best one.  There is loads of information on the most popular braces on the market from the best manufacturers including ACE, Donjoy, McDavid, Mueller and Neo G as well as arthritis braces, magnetic braces and gel knee pads

With each brace we talk through what conditions they are suitable for, the pros and cons, where you can get them at the best prices and you can read reviews from actual users, just like yourself.

9. Anatomy of the knee

In the knee anatomy section you can find out all about how the leg fits together to help you understand why we get pain when things go wrong.

You can find out in-depth information about all the different structures and how they work together including the bones, muscles, cartilage, bursa and ligaments.

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Our Physio & Rehab Expertise

Phoenix Rehab Group works with specialist physiotherapists and specialist rehab therapists who are highly trained, qualified, experienced and passionate to provide high level of expert care to our patients.

Areas of specialization

  • physiotherapy: back and neck (spine), sports, shoulder, hip, knee, ankle
  • hand therapy: forearm, wrist, hand and fingers
  • podiatrist: leg, calf, ankle, foot and toes
  • read more on our specializations here

All our therapists are fully insured and registered with Allied Health Professions Council (AHPC) and Traditional Chinese Medicine Board (TCM).

See our entire team here by location and specialization.

Initially, our specialist physiotherapists will carry out a thorough assessment, helping them to select the most appropriate treatment to help you recover.

They then provide expert treatment for your pain as well as prescribing specific exercises to reduce your risk of re-injury and giving you a long term solution.

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We are a wholly Singapore Private Limited group of licensed physiotherapists, hand therapists, podiatrists, chiropractors, sports massage therapists, clinical pilates practitioners and TCM physicians practicing in our scope of rehabilitation and its areas of specializations.

As listed in our website are the list of services we provide our clients as referred by their medical doctors or by self referrals/word of mouth, but you can also make an appointment without seeing any doctors (that being said, if you do need a referral to a specialist orthopedic surgeon or sports GP, we will recommend you too as value added service at no additional costs to you).

The range of rehabilitation results vary from patients to patients, depending on a variety of factors and reasons such as severity of condition, genetics, gender and age.

However, we will still deliver the best evidence-based-practice of physiotherapy, hand therapy, TCM, sports training and deep tissue release therapy that we can deliver (we are proud to say that we try our best to only engage the most experienced and specialist therapists - which makes a big difference in clinical outcomes).

The information available on this site is for educational purposes only, if you need a full professional advise on physiotherapy, hand therapy and occupational therapy, please schedule an appointment with us by contacting our staff by Call/SMS/WhatsApp at +6588001830 or email, thanks!