Home > Blog > Physiotherapy > Conditions > Arthritis > Osteoarthritis > Juvenile Arthritis Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy

book your physio appointments now

WhatsApp / SMS your name, preferred date, time and enquiries to +658800183

Email questions and your preferred physiotherapy timings to nigel@phoenixrehabgroup.com or

Clinic Locations: See how to get to us here

Juvenile Arthritis Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy

Juvenile Arthritis, also known as juvenile idiopathic arthritis, is the most common form of arthritis in children.

It typically starts before the child or patient is 16 years old, and idiopathic refers to no exact/defined cause, arthritis means inflammation of the joint synovium.

It is an autoimmune disorder.

Signs and Symptoms

Initially, the patients often demonstrate lethargy, decreased physical exertion and activity, as well as poor appetite.

In some cases, the children will present with limping, becoming ill, having feverish or flu-like symptoms that are persistent.

The main feature is the persistent swelling of the affected joints which are commonly the knee, wrist, ankles and small joints of the hands and feet.

Other joints with swelling that are harder to detect are swelling in the joints of the

  • shoulder
  • hip
  • jaw and
  • spine

Children often has

  • pain
  • waking up with generalized body stiffness and aching joints

In some cases, the eye can develop inflammation, growth impaired or retarded, and loss of mobility and function of joints that are affected.

Causes of Juvenile Arthritis

Actual causes are not defined and still uncertain, though it has been classified as autoimmune in nature.

Some scientists believe that it is environmental causes, some believe its genetics but there is no actual cause yet.

Most of the time, it is more common in Caucasians and young girls.

physiotherapy and occupational therapy

The treatment of a child with juvenile arthritis is best managed by a team of experienced healthcare professionals, including pediatric rheumatologists, nurse specialists, physiotherapists and occupational therapists.

Of course, in the wider circle of health and community, school, parents, and community involvement such as teachers, nurses, dentists, orthopedic surgeons, general practitioners and career advisors too have their roles to play.

The major focus of treatment is to increase the child's activity levels (social, physical) to normal levels through

  • physiotherapy
  • pain management and
  • social assistance and support from family, friends and the community

Occupational therapy and physiotherapy is crucial to increase their mobility, function, ability through recommendation of best suitable exercises, use of equipment, fabrication of splints or use of ambulatory devices. In severe cases, the child may require orthopedic surgery to remove scar tissue and increase joint function.

DIY home remedies includes

  • involving the child in regular exercise programs such as swimming;
  • use cold packs to manage and decrease inflammation
  • using electric hotpacks to increase joint and muscle mobility.

Occupational therapy is **VERY** important to help the child with juvenile arthritis to participate, play, and grow as much as possible in their daily activities and roles to increase psyhological and physical independence.

The main idea is to maximize quality of life and minimize disruption to the child and family's quality of life.

Areas to which the occupational therapist will involve is the areas of self care (dressing, toileting, brushing teeth, showering, eating) where they will help them to use compensatory approaches or equipment to help; leisure by encompassing play into activities and exercises alongside with their friends and the physiotherapists.

Whenever necessary, they will fabricate splints and custom made braces to help correct body position and function and alignment. The OT can also help a child to improve social relationships by teaching them how to communicate and interact with their classmates and friends through group play, modelling, role playing and group work. OTs teach them to see what activities they are good at, and which ones will be difficult.

Appropriate and regular physiotherapy programs does and will help to

Physiotherapy Treatments For Joint Pain

Our medical partners will often prescribe surgical intervention and analgesics to relieve the pain, on top of medication/tests to clear off problems such as infections etc.

Our physiotherapy and hand therapy roles support the medical professionals, and treatments are often started with

  • thermal therapy to decrease inflammation
  • ultrasound to accelerate healing
  • followed by manual therapy to loosen joints and exercise therapy to increase blood flow and healing, allow tendons and muscles to glide to prevent adhesions, and improve mobility and strength.

Our physio clinics can help to tailor an exercise program to suit your need, taking into consideration your current fitness and strength level, and gradually building up your strength, stamina, stability for a better and healthier quality of life.

If you had recently undergone surgery for a joint replacement, or you are about to go to undergo the surgery soon, we can help you with post-op physiotherapy or pre-op physiotherapy.

Back to Top

book your physio appointments now

WhatsApp / SMS your name, preferred date, time and enquiries to +658800183

Email questions and your preferred physiotherapy timings to nigel@phoenixrehabgroup.com or

Clinic Locations: See how to get to us here

Phoenix Rehab physio Services

Phoenix Rehab Group works with specialist physiotherapists and rehab therapists who are highly trained, qualified, experienced and passionate to provide high level of expert care to our patients.


Patients who sustained injuries to their elbows, forearms, hands, wrists (sprains and fractures) and fingers, and requires Hand Therapy to increase the function of their hand following injuries or post-operations as well as custom made hand splints.

Commonly treated hand pain injuries includes


Clinical Pilates is a form of physical exercise that focuses on posture, core stability, balance, control, strength, flexibility and breathing.

It is a system of safe and effective exercises, which meet specific individual needs, to treat a wide range of injuries and conditions.

You may do Pilates as matwork or with the reformer or both, and every session will be customized 100% to your fitness, injury and tolerance.



Sports and deep tissue release massage helps to increase nutrient-rich blood flow to tired, tight and tense muscles to

  • accelerate recovery and
  • shorten downtime / recovery period required

It also prevents muscles from scar tissue micro-tears (and potential ruptures), and increases muscle performance.

Done regularly, it will keeps your muscles healthy and fit with body/movement-confidence. Read the benefits of regular deep tissue release therapy here.

All our allied health therapists and TCM physicians are fully insured and registered with Allied Health Professions Council (AHPC) and Traditional Chinese Medicine Board (TCMB).

See our entire team here with introductions and their specializations.

At the first session, our specialist physiotherapists will carry out a thorough assessment, helping them to select the most appropriate treatment to help you recover as well as provide treatment in the same session.

Follow up sessions are inline to provide expert treatment for your pain as well as prescribing specific exercises to reduce your risk of re-injury and giving you a long term solution.

do Tell Your Family, Friends And Colleagues About Us =)

We appreciate you as our valued clients and want you to know that the #1 way we grow as a clinic/brand is through word of mouth referrals from valued patients like yourself.

We do not rely on advertising - instead, we prefer and appreciate the goodwill and positive reinforcement from patients. When you have the chance, please tell your family, friends and physicians about the positive results and experience you have had in our physio clinics.

book your physio appointments now

WhatsApp / SMS your name, preferred date, time and enquiries to +658800183

Email questions and your preferred physiotherapy timings to nigel@phoenixrehabgroup.com or

Clinic Locations: See how to get to us here