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Juvenile Arthritis Physiotherapy and
Juvenile Arthritis, also known as juvenile idiopathic arthritis, is
the most common form of arthritis in children.
It typically starts before the child or patient is 16 years old, and idiopathic refers to no exact/defined cause,
arthritis means inflammation of the joint synovium.
It is an autoimmune
Signs and Symptoms
the patients often demonstrate lethargy, decreased physical exertion
and activity, as well as poor appetite.
In some cases, the children will
present with limping, becoming ill, having feverish or flu-like
symptoms that are persistent.
The main feature is the persistent
swelling of the affected joints which are commonly the knee, wrist,
ankles and small joints of the hands and feet.
Other joints with
swelling that are harder to detect are swelling in the joints of the
Children often has
- waking up with generalized body stiffness and aching joints
some cases, the eye can develop inflammation, growth impaired or
retarded, and loss of mobility and function of joints that are affected.
Causes of Juvenile Arthritis
causes are not defined and still uncertain, though it has been
classified as autoimmune in nature.
Some scientists believe that it is
environmental causes, some believe its genetics but there is no actual
Most of the time, it is more common in Caucasians and young
physiotherapy and occupational therapy
treatment of a child with juvenile arthritis is best managed by a team
of experienced healthcare professionals, including pediatric
rheumatologists, nurse specialists, physiotherapists and occupational
Of course, in the wider circle of health and community,
school, parents, and community involvement such as teachers, nurses,
dentists, orthopedic surgeons, general practitioners and career advisors
too have their roles to play.
The major focus of
treatment is to increase the child's activity levels (social, physical)
to normal levels through
- pain management and
assistance and support from family, friends and the community
Occupational therapy and physiotherapy is crucial to increase their
mobility, function, ability through recommendation of best suitable
exercises, use of equipment, fabrication of splints or use of ambulatory
devices. In severe cases, the child may require orthopedic surgery to
remove scar tissue and increase joint function.
home remedies includes
- involving the child in regular exercise programs
such as swimming;
- use cold packs to manage and decrease inflammation
- using electric hotpacks
to increase joint and muscle mobility.
therapy is **VERY** important to help the child with juvenile arthritis
to participate, play, and grow as much as possible in their daily
activities and roles to increase psyhological and physical independence.
The main idea is to maximize quality of life and minimize disruption to
the child and family's quality of life.
Areas to which the occupational
therapist will involve is the areas of self care (dressing, toileting,
brushing teeth, showering, eating) where they will help them to use
compensatory approaches or equipment to help; leisure by encompassing
play into activities and exercises alongside with their friends and the
Whenever necessary, they will fabricate splints and
custom made braces to help correct body position and function and
alignment. The OT can also help a child to improve social relationships
by teaching them how to communicate and interact with their classmates
and friends through group play, modelling, role playing and group work.
OTs teach them to see what activities they are good at, and which ones
will be difficult.
Appropriate and regular physiotherapy programs does
and will help to
Physiotherapy Treatments For Joint Pain
medical partners will often prescribe surgical intervention and
analgesics to relieve the pain, on top of medication/tests to clear off
problems such as infections etc.
Our physiotherapy and hand therapy
roles support the medical professionals, and treatments are often
- thermal therapy to decrease inflammation
- ultrasound to accelerate healing
- followed by manual therapy to loosen joints and exercise therapy to increase blood flow and healing, allow tendons and muscles to glide to prevent adhesions, and improve mobility and strength.
physio clinics can help to tailor an exercise program
to suit your need, taking into consideration your current fitness and
strength level, and gradually building up your strength, stamina,
stability for a better and healthier quality of life.
If you had
recently undergone surgery for a joint replacement, or you are about to
go to undergo the surgery soon, we can help you with post-op physiotherapy or pre-op physiotherapy.
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Phoenix Rehab physio Services
Phoenix Rehab Group works with specialist
physiotherapists and rehab therapists who are highly
trained, qualified, experienced and passionate to provide high level of
expert care to our patients.
PHYSIOTHERAPY & PHYSICAL THERAPY
HAND THERAPY & SPLINTING
Patients who sustained injuries to their elbows, forearms, hands, wrists
(sprains and fractures) and fingers, and requires Hand Therapy to increase the function of their hand
following injuries or post-operations as well as custom made hand splints.
Commonly treated hand pain injuries includes
CLINICAL PILATES & WELLNESS PILATES
Clinical Pilates is a form of physical exercise that focuses on posture, core stability, balance, control, strength, flexibility and breathing.
It is a system of safe and effective exercises, which
meet specific individual needs, to treat a wide range of injuries
You may do Pilates as matwork or with the reformer or both, and every session will be customized 100% to your fitness, injury and tolerance.
TRADITIONAL CHINESE MEDICINE (TCM)
DEEP TISSUE RELEASE & SPORTS MASSAGE THERAPY
Sports and deep tissue release massage helps to increase nutrient-rich blood
flow to tired, tight and tense muscles to
- accelerate recovery and
- shorten downtime / recovery period required
It also prevents
muscles from scar tissue micro-tears (and potential ruptures), and increases muscle
Done regularly, it will keeps your muscles healthy and fit with body/movement-confidence. Read the benefits of regular deep tissue release therapy here.
All our allied health therapists and TCM physicians are fully insured and registered with Allied Health Professions Council (AHPC) and Traditional Chinese Medicine Board (TCMB).
See our entire team here with introductions and their specializations.
At the first session, our specialist physiotherapists will carry out a thorough
assessment, helping them to select the most appropriate treatment to
help you recover as well as provide treatment in the same session.
Follow up sessions are inline to provide
expert treatment for your pain as well as prescribing specific
exercises to reduce your risk of re-injury and giving you a long term
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