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Cross Training For Injury Prevention

Cross training is a specific training setup/routine that uses different forms of exercise other than the usual drills and exercises related to a sport. For example for a sprinter, instead of just doing sprint/run drills, we incorporate resistance training, higher balance, jumping, triple jump etc.

Cross training has many different functions and reasons, including:

  • weather unpredictability (yeah, wet weather plans)
  • availability of training facility/place
  • personal training
  • injury rehabilitation/physiotherapy

Every athlete must train specificly for their sport to ensure their form is spot-on and to excel in their sport, but they need also to include cross-training as part of their regimen to give a balance to their fitness which also levels up their sports performance.

Cross training provides a mini-break from the normal training impact, allows the usual sports muscles, ligaments, bones, tendons and ligaments to rest for a while, and the supporting muscles and soft tissues get to be worked on. To add to the runner example above, the runner can also include water training eg

  • water aerobics
  • swimming

Or even play soccer or tennis - they use different and similar muscles in different ways. Cross training is a great way to

  • train and condition different muscle groups
  • develop new skills and experience
  • develop more growth
  • challenging the body after hitting a plateau
  • prevent repetitive strain injury or overuse injuries too
  • etc

Benefits of Cross Training

  1. By participating in different types of exercises and sports, you can condition your entire body and not just very specific muscle groups/body parts. This may also help you improve your reflexes and adaptation speed.

  2. Increases flexibility in your training eg non-weight bearing exercises such as swimming

  3. Reduces exercise boredom and taxes your muscles in different ways, making it grow more

  4. Reduce overuse injury/overtraining injury

How does cross training prevent injuries?

At the top of the list is that cross training will help reduce injuries that are related to overuse or repetitive strain injuries.

The common sport muscles gets to take a break from the usual impact, but trained/impacted in a different way that may not give the same impact eg running versus water aerobics/swimming.

Secondly is that it helps to improve supporting muscles and parts that may have been neglected, hence bringing muscle strength and stamina balance. An example a football player that is heavily right footed will have much more strength and stamina with relation to right kicks and slides (and in contrast, a much weaker left leg) - by getting him to cross train via:

  • weight/personal training
  • swimming/water aerobics
  • tennis/cycling etc

He will develop a stronger left leg which will then contribute to his overall performance as a football player due to the increased strength (or rebalanced strength in this case). This will also help to prevent one-sided muscle fatigue or muscle pulls due to imbalance strength/stamina.

How to cross train?

It can be any exercises or activities, as long as it's not associated with the main sport one does. Eg a footballer can cross train with:

  • hiking
  • weight lifting
  • swimming
  • tennis

A general fitness program has three parts to it

  • Aerobic exercises (i.e. jogging, running, cycling) that improve cardiovascular fitness
  • Strength training (i.e. weight lifting, rock climbing) that develops muscle strength and muscle stamina.
  • Flexibility exercises (i.e. stretching, yoga) help keep muscles and joints flexible

Of course, the first thing you should do is to visit your doctor to ensure that you're safe to start a fitness program.

Next, consider what is convenient/available to you. Do choose ones that you have interest or enjoy.

You can have 2 activities alternative days between Mondays to Saturdays. If that's too intense, then alternate between 4 days etc for you to modify. Some people may want to do 2 activities in a single day too, so it depends on your interest, energy level, available time etc.

If you can balance out your exercises to ensure that it's whole body being trained, and ensure at least 30 minutes of moderate activities minimum.

Of course, don't rush into cross training, best is to ease into it by gradually increasing the duration, then the frequency. Use the "10 Percent Rule" - increase frequency, duration or intensity by no more than 10% each week - take your time.

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Phoenix Rehab Physio Services

Phoenix Rehab Group works with specialist physiotherapists and rehab therapists who are highly trained, qualified, experienced and passionate to provide high level of expert care to our patients.


Patients who sustained injuries to their elbows, forearms, hands, wrists (sprains and fractures) and fingers, usually will benefit / require Hand Therapy to

  1. manage and decrease hand pains
  2. improve range of motion, strength and dexterity
  3. increase the function of their hand following injuries or post-operations

Commonly treated hand pain injuries includes


Clinical Pilates is a form of physical exercise that focuses on posture, core stability, balance, control, strength, flexibility and breathing.

It is a system of safe and effective exercises, which meet specific individual needs, to treat a wide range of injuries and conditions.

You may do Pilates as matwork or with the reformer or both, and every session will be customized 100% to your fitness, injury and tolerance.


  • Cupping TCM
  • Auricular Therapy TCM
  • Herbal TCM Medicine & Supplementation


Sports and deep tissue release massage helps to increase nutrient-rich blood flow to tired, tight and tense muscles to accelerate recovery and  shorten downtime / recovery period required.

It also prevents muscles from scar tissue micro-tears (and potential ruptures), and increases muscle performance. Having regular deep tissue and sports massage will keep your muscles healthy and fit with body/movement-confidence.

Read the benefits of regular deep tissue release therapy here.


All our allied health therapists and TCM physicians are fully insured and registered with Allied Health Professions Council (AHPC) and Traditional Chinese Medicine Board (TCMB).

See our entire team here with introductions and their specializations.

At the first session, our specialist physiotherapists will carry out a thorough assessment, helping them to select the most appropriate treatment to help you recover as well as provide treatment in the same session.

Follow up sessions are inline to provide expert treatment for your pain as well as prescribing specific exercises to reduce your risk of re-injury and giving you a long term solution.

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We prefer not to rely on advertising - instead, we prefer and appreciate the goodwill and positive reinforcement from patients. When you have the chance, please tell your family, friends and physicians about the positive results and experience you have had in our physio clinics.

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