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Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Physiotherapy
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) causes breathing
difficulty and leads to other systemic problems and is the tenth most
prevalent disease in the world.
It's estimated that by 2050, COPD will be
the fifth leading cause of death in the world ie 1 in 5 individuals will die from COPD world-wide by year 2050.
Although COPD used to be
more common among men, it now affects women nearly as equally in
Our senior physiotherapists can work with your pulmonary rehabilitation team or with you individually to help improve:
- Your exercise capacity
- Your overall strength
- Your health and quality of life
What Is Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)?
In chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, the airways in your lung
lose their normal shape and elasticity, and can become inflamed.
result is that the airways are less efficient at moving air in and out
of your lungs.
Main risk factors for developing COPD include:
- Inhaling toxic substances
- Indoor and outdoor pollutants
- Genetic/environment interactions
- Respiratory insult to the developing lungs during prenatal or early childhood stages of life
Current research indicates that COPD is no longer considered a “smoker’s” or “older person’s” disease.
The most common types of COPD are
- Chronic bronchitis—a chronic inflammation of the
medium-size airways, or "bronchi" in the lungs, causing a persistent
cough that produces sputum (phlegm) and mucus for at least 3 months per
year, in 2 consecutive years.
- Emphysema—a condition in which small air sacs in
the lungs called "alveoli" are damaged. The body has difficulty getting
all of the oxygen it needs, resulting in shortness of breath ("dyspnea")
and a chronic cough.
In addition to causing breathing difficulty, COPD results in cough,
sputum production, and other symptoms. The disease can affect the whole
body and lead to:
- Weakness in the arms and legs
- Balance problems and increased risk of falls
- Nutritional problems (weight loss or gain)
People with COPD are likely to have other health problems that can occur at the same time or be related to COPD, such as:
- Reduced blood supply to the heart (ischemic heart disease)
- High blood pressure (hypertension)
- Lung cancer
- Congestive heart failure
- Coronary artery disease
- Atrial fibrillation
Progressively over time, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) leads to a progressive decline in physical function
- increased shortness of breath (dyspnea) and
- loss of muscle
There are 4 stages of COPD—mild, moderate, severe, and very
severe—based on measurements of the amount or flow of air as you inhale
and exhale. People with COPD may need to take medications, or may
require supplemental oxygen.
how our senior physiotherapists can help you
We will perform an evaluation that includes:
- A review of your history, including smoking history, exposure to
toxic chemicals or dust, your medical history, and any hospitalizations
related to your breathing problems
- A review of your medications
- Assessment of what makes your symptoms worse, and what relieves them
- Review of lung function test results that may have been performed by your physician
- Muscle strength tests of your arms, legs, and core
- Walk tests to measure your exercise capacity
- Tests of your balance and your risk of falling
Pulmonary rehabilitation, including exercise training for at least 4
weeks, has been shown to
- improve shortness of breath
- improve quality of life and
- provide strategies for coping with COPD
Our senior physiotherapists will serve
as an important member of your health care team, and will work closely
with you to design a program that takes into account your goals for
Our overall goal is to help you
continue to do your roles in the home, at work, and in the community.
Improve Your Ability to Be Physically Active
We will design special exercises that train the
muscles you use in walking and the muscles of your arms, so you can
increase your aerobic capacity and reduce your shortness of breath.
may also use equipment, such as a
- recumbent bike
- treadmill or
- recumbent stepper
to improve cardiovascular endurance.
Research has shown that strength training in people with moderate to
severe COPD increases muscle mass and overall strength.
We will provide strengthening exercises for your arms and legs
using resistance bands, weights, and weighted medicine balls
Improve Your Breathing During Activity
People with COPD often have shortness of breath and reduced strength in
their "inspiratory muscles" (the muscles used to breathe in).
We can help you with inspiratory muscle training, which
has been shown to help reduce shortness of breath and increase exercise
We also can instruct you in pursed lip and
diaphragmatic breathing, which can help make each breath more efficient,
and helps to reduce shortness of breath during your physical
Improve Your Balance
The decrease in function and mobility that occurs with individuals who
have COPD can cause balance problems and risk of falls. People who
require supplemental oxygen can be at a greater risk of falls.
balance testing indicates that you are at risk for falling, we can help by designing exercises aimed at improving
your balance, and helping you feel steadier on your feet.
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Phoenix Rehab physio Services
Phoenix Rehab Group works with specialist
physiotherapists and rehab therapists who are highly
trained, qualified, experienced and passionate to provide high level of
expert care to our patients.
PHYSIOTHERAPY & PHYSICAL THERAPY
HAND THERAPY & SPLINTING
Patients who sustained injuries to their elbows, forearms, hands, wrists
(sprains and fractures) and fingers, and requires Hand Therapy to increase the function of their hand
following injuries or post-operations as well as custom made hand splints.
Commonly treated hand pain injuries includes
CLINICAL PILATES & WELLNESS PILATES
Clinical Pilates is a form of physical exercise that focuses on posture,
core stability, balance, control, strength, flexibility, and breathing. It is a system of safe and effective exercises, which
meet specific individual needs, to treat a wide range of injuries
You may do Pilates as matwork or with the reformer or both, and every session will be customized 100% to your fitness, injury and tolerance.
TRADITIONAL CHINESE MEDICINE (TCM)
All our allied health therapists and TCM physicians are fully insured and registered with Allied Health Professions Council (AHPC) and Traditional Chinese Medicine Board (TCMB).
See our entire team here with introductions and their specializations.
At the first session, our specialist physiotherapists will carry out a thorough
assessment, helping them to select the most appropriate treatment to
help you recover as well as provide treatment in the same session.
Follow up sessions are inline to provide
expert treatment for your pain as well as prescribing specific
exercises to reduce your risk of re-injury and giving you a long term
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