> Foot Pain > Toe Pain > Bunion, Valgus Hallux and Physiotherapy
Bunion, Valgus Hallux and Physiotherapy
A bunion refers to the enlarging or the enlargement of the joint of
the big toe, at its base and side (refer to the picture).
It forms when
the big toe bends towards the other toe causing the joint to become
Bunions can be painful, and many of our patients with
this conditions unfortunately will develop arthritis and decreased range of motion.
is an almost-always accompanying condition: Hallux Valgus, where the
big toe deviates towards the other toes.
What are the symptoms of bunions?
big toe starts to deviate towards the other toes on the same feet, and
becoming harder in the joint.
In the beginning, usually it's not
painful, but as the condition progresses (worsening), the toe will start to deviate and the bump
enlarges more and more, there will be an increased in pain from the
now-unsuitable footwear as well as the pain from pressure within the joint.
can develop on the enlarged joint, as well as on the second toe because
of the deviation of the toes that rubs and presses onto the footwear.
but What causes them?
most usual cause is the instability in the front part of the patient's
In many patients, it is often a genetic disposition that is passed
down for generations.
Improper, tight-fitting shoes and sandals causes
the problem to become worse, but is not the major cause.
The main cause
is the force imbalance exerted in the toes and foot during walking, that
causes the joint instability.
In some cases, it can also develop after
physical or neurological damage to the foot.
physiotherapy Treatments for bunions
- Identify and correct any improper footwear issues
- If imbalance within foot is found, then we need to correct it
- Surgical intervention if problem persists
goals for physiotherapy are to for pain relief by relieving the
pressure on the bunion, secondly is to minimize the deformity
Later we improve the range of motion and help with the
development of orthotics.
Usually we will start with a little bit of heat therapy
to relax the joints and soft tissue, then apply some gentle
mobilization to loosen the affected joints before starting on
strengthening to help increase the strength in the muscles in the leg
and foot that helps to correct the alignment.
Supplication with a hallux valgus splinting do help too, an external orthotics helps bring and keep the big toe in proper alignment.
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Phoenix Rehab physio Services
Phoenix Rehab Group works with specialist
physiotherapists and rehab therapists who are highly
trained, qualified, experienced and passionate to provide high level of
expert care to our patients.
PHYSIOTHERAPY & PHYSICAL THERAPY
HAND THERAPY & SPLINTING
Patients who sustained injuries to their elbows, forearms, hands, wrists
(sprains and fractures) and fingers, and requires Hand Therapy to increase the function of their hand
following injuries or post-operations as well as custom made hand splints.
Commonly treated hand pain injuries includes
CLINICAL PILATES & WELLNESS PILATES
Clinical Pilates is a form of physical exercise that focuses on
- core stability
- flexibility and
It is a system of safe and effective exercises, which
meet specific individual needs, to treat a wide range of injuries
You may do Pilates as matwork or with the reformer or both, and every session will be customized 100% to your fitness, injury and tolerance.
TRADITIONAL CHINESE MEDICINE (TCM)
DEEP TISSUE RELEASE & SPORTS MASSAGE THERAPY
Sports and deep tissue release massage helps to increase nutrient-rich blood
flow to tired, tight and tense muscles to
- accelerate recovery and
- shorten downtime / recovery period required
It also prevents
muscles from scar tissue micro-tears (and potential ruptures), and increases muscle
Done regularly, it will keeps your muscles healthy and fit with body/movement-confidence. Read the benefits of regular deep tissue release therapy here.
All our allied health therapists and TCM physicians are fully insured and registered with Allied Health Professions Council (AHPC) and Traditional Chinese Medicine Board (TCMB).
See our entire team here with introductions and their specializations.
At the first session, our specialist physiotherapists will carry out a thorough
assessment, helping them to select the most appropriate treatment to
help you recover as well as provide treatment in the same session.
Follow up sessions are inline to provide
expert treatment for your pain as well as prescribing specific
exercises to reduce your risk of re-injury and giving you a long term
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